Pressure Groups

  • Created by: tgrev
  • Created on: 25-04-17 18:51
3 reasons why pressure groups are becoming more important
1. Membership and association is declining 2. Electorate is now better informed and more able to get involved with political issues 3. Internet and social media made it easier to mount campaigns and initiate new associations
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3 Main methods used by pressure groups
1. Civil disobedience to attract publicity e.g Greenpeace 2. Internet campaigns to raise awareness to issues relating to mainly the young 3. Lobbying ministers to influence decisions and policy e.g Confederation of British Industry
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How do resources influence success
1. Financial and organisational attributes allow campaigns to be mounted successfully e.g The Countryside Alliance successfully watered down anti fox hunting legality by mass demonstrations in London
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How does an insider status influence success
Being established allows you to influence govt policy e.g Action on Smoking and Health successfully introduced a series of legislation to reduce smoking
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How do tactics influence success
They may help to influence and gain support e.g The Save England's forests campaign successfully use a variety to cancel the govt plans to sell of mass forest in 2010
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Name 3 sectional groups
1. British Bankers association 2. Countryside Alliance 3. Institute for directors
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Name 3 promotional groups
1. Greenpeace 2 Liberty 3. Snowdrop campaign
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3 ways pressure groups enhance democracy
1. Representing groups ignored by political parties 2. They help to disperse power 3. They help to educate and inform the public
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3 ways pressure groups damage democracy
1. May undermine the authority of the elected 2. Can be seen as representing policies based on self interest and may present biased info to do so 3. If too powerful can create hyper-pluralism which can obstruct process of government
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Define pluralism
Pluralism is a theory of the distribution of political power that holds that power is widely and evenly dispersed in society, rather than concentrated in the hands of an elite or ruling class.
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Define Elitism
the privileged and the successful are to inherit governing powers because of an obvious superiority shown through their success.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

3 Main methods used by pressure groups

Back

1. Civil disobedience to attract publicity e.g Greenpeace 2. Internet campaigns to raise awareness to issues relating to mainly the young 3. Lobbying ministers to influence decisions and policy e.g Confederation of British Industry

Card 3

Front

How do resources influence success

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How does an insider status influence success

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How do tactics influence success

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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