politics

Describe 2 Factors that determine how far the president can be held to account by Congress
Which party controls Congress, Willingness to use ‘imperial’ powers such as the veto, Circumstances. Congress is only able to hold the president accountable if it has something he wants. Obama failed to get Garland confirmed
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Describe 2 roles of the President as Chief of Foreign Policy
Writing and agreeing treaties Receiving ambassadors, and therefore recognising countries# Commander-in-chief Use of executive agreements Meeting world leaders, attending summits (e.g. G7/8)
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Why are the Presidents Foreign Policies poorly checked by Congress
the Founding Fathers left the president enough room to manoeuvre in this area because, according to Ford, ‘our forefathers knew you couldn’t have 535 Commanders in Chief and Secretaries of State. It just wouldn’t work’.
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State 2 checks used by Congress to control Foreign Policy
AUMF (Authorisation for the Use of Military Force), Power of the purse. In 207, the Democrats attempted to use this power to defund the Iraq War, Power to ratify cabinet officials, Three Obama nominees were withdrawn due to various allegations,
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State 3 SIMILARITIES between the POWER of the US President and UK Prime Minister
Both executives depend greatly on charisma and personality to succeed – the ‘power to persuade’. Both are responsible for extensive appointments within their executive branch – the power of patronage. Both assume the role of commander-in-chief
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State 3 DIFFERENCES between the POWER of the US President and UK Prime Minister
The UK prime minister is only the head of government and not head of state;The president has a direct mandate from the people: The UK prime minister heads the executive, but UK cabinet is collective and can cost a PM his or her job.
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Describe the SIMILARITIES and DIFFERENCES between the PM and President on LEGISLATION
Both the PM and the president effectively lead the legislative programmes for their country, thereby having a huge impact on public policy. However, the UK prime minister is more able to control the content of legislation due to MAJORITY control
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How does the Presidents and PMs Government POWER contrast?
UK prime minster is the head of a government of fused powers, effectively enabling the PM to control the executive and the legislature, while the Supreme Court has no constitutional sovereign power. US President appoints cabinet members and SC
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How does the Presidents and PMs PARTIES power contrast?
While the president is often viewed as the head of his party, he is not; the leader of the Republican National Committee currently is not Trump but Priebus, who is responsible for developing party platforms. The PM contrast is head of PARTY
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How does the PM and Presidents ACCOUNTABILITY to the LEGISLATURE vary
Legislative. The US president is utterly dependent on Congress for the passing of his legislative programme, which he may not control. Except in rare circumstances, the UK prime minister controls a majority in the House of Commons, allowing the PM
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How does the PM and Presidents Role in FOREIGN policy CONFLICT?
However, the US president is more likely to find himself challenged when he loses control of Congress, While UK prime ministers may be challenged, they are more likely to get their way.
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How do SECOND CHAMBERS in the US and UK contrast?
Senate also has the use of the filibuster and senatorial holds to thwart his wishes. The UK House of Lords, while increasingly bellicose, is less able to thwart the prime minster due to the Salisbury Convention and the unelected nature of the Lords.
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What is meant by RATIONAL ACTIONS
These may be either actions to protect their power or actions to enact policy which they are personally in favour of.
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what is meant by STRUCTURAL THEORY
many of the president’s decisions would need to be weighed against the likelihood of checks and balances being effective.
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What is meant by the CULTURAL THEORY
Prime ministers have to act in a way that is in line with their party rather than personal belief, not only because they are the head but because they depend on their party’s support in Parliament. Cameron with Brexit
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Describe 2 roles of the President as Chief of Foreign Policy

Back

Writing and agreeing treaties Receiving ambassadors, and therefore recognising countries# Commander-in-chief Use of executive agreements Meeting world leaders, attending summits (e.g. G7/8)

Card 3

Front

Why are the Presidents Foreign Policies poorly checked by Congress

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

State 2 checks used by Congress to control Foreign Policy

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

State 3 SIMILARITIES between the POWER of the US President and UK Prime Minister

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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