Poetic Terms

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  • Created by: Poppy
  • Created on: 07-04-14 13:11
Allegory
A poem in which the character or descriptions convey a hidden symbolic or moral message
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Alliteration
The effect created when words with the same initial letter (usually consonants) are used in close proximity
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Allusion
Where a poem makes reference to another poem or text
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Ambiguity
The ability of words or sentences to have more than one meaning
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Amphibrachic meter
Classical meter consisting of three syllables per foot: one short, one long, one short.
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Anaphora
Repetition of phrases or clusters of words
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Antonym
Word or phrase with the opposite meaning to another e.g. 'good' and 'bad'
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Bathos
Lowering the tone of high seriousness
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Ballad
A poem that tells a story, often in 4 line stanzas
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Catharsis
Tragedy should physically remove the emotions of pity and fear
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Couplet
A stanza compromising of two lines
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Deconstruction
The systematic taking part of a cultural system or set of ideas
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Conceit
A deliberately elaborate extended metaphor
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Antithesis
The balancing of 2 contrasting ideas or statements
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Elegy
A poem written to grieve over the dead
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Emotive language
Language which is charged with emotion e.g. love, hate, fear etc
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Enjambment
The line carries onto the next stanza
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End stopped lines
A line of verse which ends with a grammatical break such as a coma, colon, semi-colon or full stop etc
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Epic simile
An elaborated simile (similar to a conceit)
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Epigram
Short, pithy poem - usually of a humorous nature
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Epilogue
The concluding section of a poem or literary work
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Epistle
Poem written in the form of a letter
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Feminine rhymes
The rhyme is soft (unstressed) e.g. running, sunning, etc.
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Hyperbole
Exaggeration
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Iambic pentameter
A poetic line with 5 stresses and usually 10 syllables
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Internal rhyme
When the rhymes occur not at the end of lines
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Imagery
The creation of images using words
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Juxtaposition
Two contrasting words places next to each other
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Masculine rhyme
When the rhyme is hard (stressed) e.g. land, sand, etc.
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Meter
A regular patter on rhythm
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Oxymoron
Juxtaposition of opposites
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Otta rima
Italian verse form with 8 lines and abababcc rhyme pattern
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Octet
A stanza or section of verse with 8 lines
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Pathos
Evokes in the audience/reader feelings of pity and sorrow
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Parody
The imitation of a particular style of writing, usually for humour
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Paradox
A witty contradiction in terms
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Personification
When an object is described as if it were a person
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Rhythm
a beat of poetry
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The effect created when words with the same initial letter (usually consonants) are used in close proximity

Back

Alliteration

Card 3

Front

Where a poem makes reference to another poem or text

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The ability of words or sentences to have more than one meaning

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Classical meter consisting of three syllables per foot: one short, one long, one short.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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