Plato

  • Created by: Twestern
  • Created on: 14-05-18 19:49
What is the analogy of the cave used to show?
The analogy of the cave is an analogy used to show the difference between the visible realm and the intellectual realm.
1 of 14
What do the shadows represent?
The prisoners within the cave are stuck in the visible realm relying on shadows (objects within the physical world) for knowledge.
2 of 14
What do the shackles represent?
The shackles represent man's ignorance and lack of philosophical questioning which leads man to be stuck in the cave/visible realm until they leave the cave through philosophical questioning.
3 of 14
Describe the actions of the freed prisoner
The freed prisoner leaves the cave (visible world) and sees everything for what it is (Plato argues that truth can only be found in the intellectual realm).
4 of 14
Describe the representation of the Sun
The sun is like the 'mind's eye' it allows us to use reason to enter the intellectual realm. The Sun is the good which is the highest ranking in the hierarchy of the forms.
5 of 14
What scholar references the Sun?
C.S. Lewis: 'I believe in Christianity as I believe in the Sun, not only because I see it, but through it I see everything else'
6 of 14
What does Plato say we need to do?
We need to philosophically question the world in order to leave the world of appearances and open our minds to the realm of the forms.
7 of 14
What was Plato?
A rationalist, dualist
8 of 14
Describe Plato's view of the body
The body and Soul are two separate entities. The body is purely matter and cannot exist without the soul, it is temporary and belongs to the realm of appearance.
9 of 14
Describe Plato's view of the soul
The soul is eternal and belongs to the realm of the forms, it is not reliant upon the existence of the body.When the body dies, it remains in the physical realm whereas the soul transcends to the realm of the forms.
10 of 14
Biblical quote to back up dualism?
Ecclesiastes: 'the body shall return to the dust of the earth and the spirit shall return to the one who gave it'
11 of 14
How does Hick link?
Due to John Hick's eschatological verification, he said that we will only know the existence of an afterlife when we are dead
12 of 14
What is Descartes' view?
He is a substance dualist, he believes that the mind and body are two very separate substances as shown through 'cogito ergo sum'
13 of 14
Peter Geach link:
'It is a savage superstition that the body and soul come apart at death'
14 of 14

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What do the shadows represent?

Back

The prisoners within the cave are stuck in the visible realm relying on shadows (objects within the physical world) for knowledge.

Card 3

Front

What do the shackles represent?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Describe the actions of the freed prisoner

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Describe the representation of the Sun

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Philosophy resources:

See all Philosophy resources »See all Plato resources »