Parasitism and Mutualism

HideShow resource information
What is a parasite?
An organism that takes without giving anything back. They live in/on a host.
1 of 11
Give 4 examples of parasites.
Flea, head lice, tape worm and mistletoe.
2 of 11
What do fleas do to it's host?
Feed by sucking the blood of it's host and reproduces quickly.
3 of 11
What do head lice do to it's host?
Suck blood from the human scalp, making them itch.
4 of 11
What do tape worms do it's host?
Absorb nutrients from the intestinal wall. Host will suffer from malnutrition.
5 of 11
What does mistletoe do to it's host?
Absorbs water and nutrients which reduces the host's growth.
6 of 11
What is mutualism?
A relationship where both organisms benefit.
7 of 11
Explain the mutualistic relationship between an oxpecker and a buffalo.
Oxpecker is a cleaner species and eats the ticks and maggots off the buffalo, which provides them with a source of food. Oxpecker also alerts buffalo of predators.
8 of 11
Explain the mutualistic relationship of a cleaner fish and a larger fish.
Cleaner fish eat the dea skin cells and parasites off a larger fish. Cleaner can avoid being eaten by larger fish.
9 of 11
Explain the mutualistic relationship between nitrogen-fixing bacteria and leguminous plants.
The bacteria get a constant supply of sugar from the roots of the plant. The plant gets all the essential nitrates from the bacteria.
10 of 11
Explain the mutualistic relationship between a chemosynthetic bacteria and a giant tube worm.
Chemosynthetic bacteria turns chemicals supplied by the tube worms into food for both itself and the host.
11 of 11

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Give 4 examples of parasites.

Back

Flea, head lice, tape worm and mistletoe.

Card 3

Front

What do fleas do to it's host?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What do head lice do to it's host?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What do tape worms do it's host?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

/Lucas/Austin/

This is really, REALLY helpful, thank you so much

Similar Biology resources:

See all Biology resources »See all Parasitism and Mutualism resources »