Organelles

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Nucleus
Contains DNA, double membrane containing the nucleolus, found only in plant and animal cells (eukaryotic)
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Nucleolus
RNA us made here, no membrane but is made up of protein and nucleic acids
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Nuclear envelope and pore
Allows materials in and out of the nucleus
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Ribosomes
Site of protein synthesis, reads information from the mRNA and puts specific amino acids in the correct order for a protein. Made up of two subunits, made up of mRNA and protein (no membrane). Found in all types of cells (eukaryotic and prokaryotic)
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Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Transports proteins made my the ribosomes (on its surface) to Golgi apparatus. A series of flattened sacs surrounded by membrane. Found in eukaryotic cells.
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Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Involved in lipid production, series of flattened sacs surrounded by membrane
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Golgi apparatus
Packages and processes proteins, adds a carbon hydrate group. Builds lysosomes. Series of membranes surrounding fluid containing proteins, sugars and enzymes.
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Centrioles
Form spindle during cell division, small tubes of protein fibres found in pairs near the nucleus in animal cells (only found in animal cells)
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Flagella
Movement by rotation, composed of microtubules
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Cilia
Movement of fluid across cell surface, major projections from cell surface, made up of microtubules
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Mitochondria
Site of aerobic respiration, double membrane organelle
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Lysosome
Breaks down dead material inside the cell, specialised vesicle filled with enzymes
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Cellulose cell wall
Thick wall to provide support for the plant cell and prevent it from bursting, keeps shape of the plant, made up of cellulose fibres
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Plasmdoesmata
Only allows certain substances to move in or out of a cell
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Large permanent vacuole
Store materials and maintain internal turgor pressure for a plant, only temporary vesicles found in animal cells
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

RNA us made here, no membrane but is made up of protein and nucleic acids

Back

Nucleolus

Card 3

Front

Allows materials in and out of the nucleus

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Site of protein synthesis, reads information from the mRNA and puts specific amino acids in the correct order for a protein. Made up of two subunits, made up of mRNA and protein (no membrane). Found in all types of cells (eukaryotic and prokaryotic)

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Transports proteins made my the ribosomes (on its surface) to Golgi apparatus. A series of flattened sacs surrounded by membrane. Found in eukaryotic cells.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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