OCDs

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  • Created by: _laurenb
  • Created on: 16-05-15 10:48
Obsession
"A persistent thought, idea, impulse or image that is experienced repeatedly, feels intrusive and causes anxiety"
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Compulsion
"A repetitive and rigid behaviour or mental act that a person feels driven to perform in order to prevent or reduce anixety"
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Obsessive - Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
"A disorder in which a person has recurrent and unwanted thoughts, a need to perform repetitive and rigid actions, or both"
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Symptoms of OCD
Recurrent obsessions & complusions; distress; daily life disrupted
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Aggressive or sexual obsessions are linked to which type of ritual?
Checking
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Biological Explanation of OCDs
Inheritance (McKeon and Murray); low levels of neurotransmitter serotonin; high levels of activity in orbital frontal cortex; identified with PET scans
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Cognitive Explanation of OCDs
1. Neutralisation 2. Catastrophic Misinterpretation
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Neutralisation
"A person's attempt to eliminate unwanted thoughts by thinking or being in ways that put matters right internally, making up for unacceptable thoughts"
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Rachman's 4-Step Process
1. Presence of obsessional thoughts or images 2. Catastrophic misinterpretation of this thought or image 3. Fear and high levels of anxiety 4. Attempts to resist or avoid the unwanted thoughts
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Drug Therapy
Administration of drugs such as Prozac which increase the levels of serotonin and regulate levels of activity in the orbital frontal cortex of the brain; reduces the need for neurosurgery
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Cognitive Therapy
1. Changing conscious thought processes by understanding that thoughts are being misinterpreted; becoming aware of neutralisation; 2. Habituation training
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

"A repetitive and rigid behaviour or mental act that a person feels driven to perform in order to prevent or reduce anixety"

Back

Compulsion

Card 3

Front

"A disorder in which a person has recurrent and unwanted thoughts, a need to perform repetitive and rigid actions, or both"

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Recurrent obsessions & complusions; distress; daily life disrupted

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Checking

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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