Natural Hazards

What is a natural hazard?
A natural hazard is a natural process that could cause death, injury or disruption to humans, property and possessions
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What is a natural disaster?
A natural disaster is a natural hazard that has actually happened
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What is an extreme event?
An extreme event is when a natural hazard occurs yet it is not at any risk of endangering human life, such as drought in an uninhabited desert
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What are the two types of natural hazard?
Geological and meteorological
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What is a geological hazard?
A hazard caused by land and tectonic plates such as volcanoes, earthquakes, landslides and avalanches
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What is a meteorological hazard?
A hazard caused by weather and climate such as tropical storms, extreme weather and climate change
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What are the three factors affecting hazard risk?
Vulnerability, capacity to cope and nature of natural hazards
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Why is vulnerability a factor that affects the hazard risk?
The more people that are in exposed areas to natural hazards, the greater they will be affected by a natural hazard
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Why is capacity to cope a factor that affects the hazard risk?
A natural hazard must be able to affect human activity to count as a hazard, therefore the better a population can cope with a natural hazard, the lower the threat
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Why is nature of natural hazards a factor that affects the hazard risk?
Some natural hazards have a higher hazard risk than others, some natural hazards occur more frequently than others and some have a more severe magnitude
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is a natural disaster?

Back

A natural disaster is a natural hazard that has actually happened

Card 3

Front

What is an extreme event?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the two types of natural hazard?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is a geological hazard?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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