Muscle Vocab

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  • Created by: ellaclare
  • Created on: 29-01-14 18:40
Abduction
Movement away from the body
1 of 17
Adduction
Movement towards the body
2 of 17
Flexion
Bending
3 of 17
Extension
Straightening
4 of 17
Involuntary muscle
Muscle that contracts without conscious control e.g. heart
5 of 17
Voluntary muscle
Muscle that is controlled by will e.g. quadriceps
6 of 17
Antagonist
The muscle that does the opposite of the prime mover (agonist)
7 of 17
Agonist (prime mover)
The muscle that is contracting
8 of 17
Hypertrophy
Increase in muscle size
9 of 17
Isotonic contraction
When a muscle contracts to make movement
10 of 17
Isometric contraction
When a muscle contracts with no resulting movement
11 of 17
Concentric
Muscle shortens as fibres contract
12 of 17
Eccentric
Muscle lengthens as fibres contract
13 of 17
Origin
End of muscle which is attached to fixed bone
14 of 17
Insertion
End of muscle which is attached to moving bone
15 of 17
Fast twitch fibres
Contract quickly, but don't use oxygen well and tire quickly
16 of 17
Slow twitch fibres
Contract slowly, use oxygen well and keep going for a long time
17 of 17

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Movement towards the body

Back

Adduction

Card 3

Front

Bending

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Straightening

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Muscle that contracts without conscious control e.g. heart

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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