Includes omissions causation and general AS principles such as transferred malice, coincidence of actus reus and mens rea ect. 

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  • Created by: evie_995
  • Created on: 16-01-14 21:53

1. When is the chain of causation broken?

  • When the defendant fails to act.
  • When the act is so independent of the defendant's conduct and sufficiently serious enough.
  • When the defendant did not have intention to cause the end result
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2. What must you prove for the mens rea of murder

  • Intention to cause serious harm
  • Intention to kill
  • Intention to kill or intention to cause grievous bodily harm
  • Intention to cause some harm

3. Which of the following is not required to satisfy causation?

  • There was no intervening act
  • Intention to cause the end result.
  • The legal cause
  • The Factual cause

4. What do you need to prove Legal Causation?

  • The defendant's conduct was more than a 'minimal' cause of the consequence.
  • The consequence would not have happened 'but for' the defendant's conduct.
  • The defendant did not intentionally cause the end result.

5. Give an example of a case when the victim reacted in an unreasonable way and broke the chain of causation.

  • Smith (1959)
  • Williams (1992)
  • Roberts (1971)


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