Monosaccharides

A set of flashcards covering what a monosaccharide is, examples of monosaccharides, and the difference between alpha and beta  glucose.

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  • Created by: Ambika
  • Created on: 13-09-14 08:14
What is a monosaccharide?
The simplest type of sugar.
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Give two examples of monosaccharides.
Any two out of: Glucose, Fructose, Ribose and Glyceraldehydes.
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What is glucose's chemical formula?
C6 H12 O6
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What is the generic chemical formula for any monosaccharide?
Cn H2n On
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What names are given to monosaccharides with 3, 4, 5 and 6 carbon bonds?
Triose, Tetrose, Pentose and Hexose.
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What is the structure of alpha glucose? Draw it.
Should have an H bond above an OH bond, from the carbon one bond.
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What is the structure of beta glucose? Draw it.
Should have an OH bond above a H bond, from the carbon one bond.
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What do we describe aplha and beta glucose as?
Optical isomers; molecules are identical in nearly everyway, but they are seen as a mirror image.
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What do we describe fructose and glucose as?
Structural Isomers; Atoms in the formula are the same, but are linked in a different sequence.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Give two examples of monosaccharides.

Back

Any two out of: Glucose, Fructose, Ribose and Glyceraldehydes.

Card 3

Front

What is glucose's chemical formula?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the generic chemical formula for any monosaccharide?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What names are given to monosaccharides with 3, 4, 5 and 6 carbon bonds?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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