Memory

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  • Created by: emily_w
  • Created on: 11-09-14 14:31
What is information processing?
The flow of information through the cognitive system
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What is the computer analogy?
The assumption that a human's mind works like a computer, which is also an information processor.
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What is memory?
A cognitive function that can store information and recall it when necessary
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What is encoding?
Converting information to a form that can be stored by the memory system.
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What is retrieval?
The process of recalling a stored memory
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What is forgetting?
The inability to retrieve a stored memory.
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What is duration?
How long the store can retain information for
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What are the three types of encoding?
Accoustic, semantic (what it means) and visual
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What is the duration of sensory memory?
Less than one second.
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What is modality specific encoding, and where is it found?
This is when information remains in the form it entered the process in, and it is found in sensory memory.
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What is the capacity of sensory memory?
Unknown, since we are constantly taking in information.
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How is most information encoded in the short-term memory?
Acoustically.
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What is the capacity of short-term memory?
5-9 items
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What is the duration of information in the short-term memory?
18-30 seconds.
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How can the capacity of short-term memory be increased?
Organising information like digits into chunks.
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What is the duration of information in the long-term memory?
Lifetime
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What is the capacity of the long-term memory?
Potentially infinite.
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How is information encoded in the long-term memory?
Semantically.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the computer analogy?

Back

The assumption that a human's mind works like a computer, which is also an information processor.

Card 3

Front

What is memory?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is encoding?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is retrieval?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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