Memory

STM

LTM

DURATION

CAPACITY

ENCODING

ACCURACY OF EWT

EWT: AGE & ANXIETY

COGNITIVE

MEMORY IMPROVEMENT

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STM
Memories that don't last very long
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LTM
Memories that last anywhere from 2 hours to 100 years
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Duration
How long a memory lasts
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Capacity
Measure of how much can be held in memory
4 of 18
Encoding
The way information is changed so that it can be stored in memory
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Loftus & Palmer (1974)
45 students shown 7 films of different traffic accidents, after each video they were given a questionnaire - smashed = 40.8, contacted = 31.8
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Deffenbacher et al (2004)
Meta-analysis of 18 studies - high levels of stress negatively impact the EWT.
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Christianson & Hubbinette (1993)
Questioned 58 real witnesses to bank robberies - found that those under stress were more accurate in their recall
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Loftus et al
Weapon focus effect - 2 conditions = 49% were accurate without weapon, 33% with weapon
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Yarmey (1993)
Stopped 651 adults asking them to recall physical characteristics of young women seen 2 minutes earlier - 18-29 & 30-44 were more confident than 45-65
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Parker & Carranza (1989)
Compared primary and college children in ability to correctly identify a target individual after watching a mock crime
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Cognitive interview
Police technique for interviewing witnesses to a crime, which encourages them to recreate the original context
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Acronyms
Word or sentence is formed from he initial letters of other words
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Acrostic
Poem or sentence where the first letter of each line or word forms the item to be remebred
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Rhymes
Groups of words with an identity and rhythm
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Chunking
Dividing a long string of information into memorable chunks
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Method of loci
Associating parts of the material to be recalled with different places in the order that they are to be recalled
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Diagrams & mindmaps
Making notes of information in the form of a drawing, usual in a branching pattern, with the main topic in the centre
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

LTM

Back

Memories that last anywhere from 2 hours to 100 years

Card 3

Front

Duration

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Capacity

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Encoding

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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