memory

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  • Created by: Zayn101
  • Created on: 04-05-16 22:06
Anxiety
State of emotional arousal where there is a feeling or experience of apprehension and uncertainty
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Articulatory process
Part of the phonological loop that repeats sounds or words to keep them in working memory until they are needed
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Capacity
The amount of information that can be held in memory
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Central executive
Part of working memory that coordinates other components
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Chunking
Method of increasing short-term memory by grouping information into larger units
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Coding
Changing the format of information for use in memory
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Cognitive interview
Interview technique devised to improve the accuracy of witness recall
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Context-dependent failure
Forgetting which occurs because the external cues at recall are different to those at the time of learning
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Cue-dependent forgetting
Failure to recall information due to an absence of cuesor 'tiggers'
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Duration
The length of time information remains in memory
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Episodic buffer
Part of working memory which is a temporary store integrating information from the other components
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Episodic memory
Type of long-term memory for information about specific experiences and events in our lives
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Interference theory
Memory can be disrupted not only by previous learning but also by what is learned in the future
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Leading question
Question phrased in such a way that it prompts a particular kind of answer
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Misleading information
Incorrect information given the an eyewitness after an event
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Phonological loop
Part of working memory that deals with auditory information
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Post-event discussion
A potential source of misleading information where witnesses discuss what they saw afterwards
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Proactive interference
A cause of forgetting by which previously stored information prevents learning and remembering new information
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Retroactive interference
Occurs when newly learned information interferes with and impedes the recall of previously learned information
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Schema
A cognitive framework or concept that helps organize and interpret information
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State-dependent failure
Forgetting which occurs because the emotional or physical state at recall is different to that at the time of learning
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Visuo-spatial sketchpad
Part of working memory that deals with visual information
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Part of the phonological loop that repeats sounds or words to keep them in working memory until they are needed

Back

Articulatory process

Card 3

Front

The amount of information that can be held in memory

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Part of working memory that coordinates other components

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Method of increasing short-term memory by grouping information into larger units

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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