• Created by: ssaidi23
  • Created on: 14-04-22 12:08
Who brought marketisation into schools in Britain
New Right
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What act links with marketisation
The Education Act 1988
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How are standards raised
Through marketisation
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5 policies that create an education market
- League tables
- Formula funding
- Open enrolment
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How was marketisation achieved through standardised tests
Gave schools a basis for comparison
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How was marketisation achieved through national curriculum
All students to study the same content
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How was marketisation achieved through league tables
Schools ranked against each other
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How was marketisation achieved through formula funding
Schools funding based on number of pupils
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How was marketisation achieved through open enrolment
Parents had a choice of where to send children
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Who talks about parentocracy 'rule by parents' and what does it encourage
David (1993)
- Power shifts from the teachers to the parents (consumers)
- Diversity among schools and gives parents more choice and raises standards
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What policy is this?

Has led to 'cream skimming' and schools setting their own selection criteria. Detrimental for lower classes and ethnic minorities
League tables and OFSTED
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What policy is this?

Underperforming schools get less money, hard to compete with schools who are high in the league table who have more students and more £ to spend on teaching and resources
Formula funding
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What policy is this?

Popular schools tended to be oversubscribed, so many still do not get their first choice - middle class then had to manipulate the system to their advantage
Open enrolment (go out of catchment areas)
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What policy is this?

Identify a 'myth of meritocracy' can use Gewirtz view of types of parents, he gathered this through with parents. eg. privileged skills choosers, disconnected-local choosers and semi-skilled choosers
Open enrolment (go out of catchment areas)
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Who criticised league tables for driving/contributing to 'A-C economy'
Gillborn with the 'educational triage'
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What is the educational triage
- Students achieving grades A-C were considered 'definite' pass and were left alone
- Students achieving borderline B/C were focused on to boost their league table position
- Students who weren't achieving 'good' grades and seen as 'hopeless cases' were l
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Who did a study on 14 London secondary schools
Gewirtz (1995)
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What were the three types of parents she found
- Privileged-skilled choosers
- Disconnected-local choosers
- Semi-skilled choosers
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Who are privileged-skilled choosers
Mainly professional middle-class parents who used their economic and cultural capital to gain educational capital for their children
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How do these parents possess cultural capital
- They know how the school admissions system works
- for example the importance of putting a particular school as first choice.
- They had time to visit schools and the skills to research the options available
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Who are disconnected-local choosers
Working class parents who choices were restricted by their lack of economic and cultural capital
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What were major restrictions for working class parent's choices
- Distance and cost of travel restricted choice of school.
- Their funds were limited
- A place at the nearest school was often their only realistic option for children
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Who are semi-skilled choosers
Mainly working class but they were ambitious for their children.
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What did semi-skilled choosers often do
Found it difficult to make sense of the education market so often relied on other people's opinion about schools.
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What was the conclusion of parental choice
In theory, the educational market gives everyone greater choice
Gewirtz says middle-class parents possess cultural and economic capital and have more choice than working class
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What does the policy of 'publishing each school's exam results in a league table' ensure...
that the schools which achieve good results are more in demand because parents are attracted to those with good league table rankings.
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What does Will Bartlett say this encourages
cream-skimming and silt-shifting
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What is cream-skimming
'Good' schools can be more selective, choose their own customers and recruit high achieving mainly middle class pupils. These pupils gain an advantage.
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What is silt-shifting
'Good' schools can avoid taking less able pupils who are likely to get poor results and damage the schools league table.
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What is a result of schools getting better funds (funding formula)
Can afford better-qualified teachers and better facilities. Popularity allows them to be more selective and attract more able applicants
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


What act links with marketisation


The Education Act 1988

Card 3


How are standards raised


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


5 policies that create an education market


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


How was marketisation achieved through standardised tests


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