Maintenance

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: caitlin
  • Created on: 19-05-14 19:38
Social Exchange Theory (Cost and reward)
Thibault and Kelly: Individuals engaged in relationships are motivated to MAXIMISE their rewards (affection, sex, companionship) and MINIMISE their costs (financial, emotional)
1 of 13
Successful relationships
profit and loss: Reward – costs = Positive for both.
2 of 13
comparison levels
: 1. assess if the individuals offer something better or worse than another so we can judge the relationship.
3 of 13
comparison levels
2. compares the reward & cost in our current relationship to what we have been use to in previous ones – motivates us to stay
4 of 13
Comparison levels for alternatives
possible alternative relationships : if they don’t compare then the relationship will end
5 of 13
Sampling
consider the rewards and costs of relationship compared to others available
6 of 13
Bargaining
partners give/receive rewards to test the deepness of relationship
7 of 13
commitment
as relationship grows partners know how to extract rewards & lower costs
8 of 13
Institutionalisation
settling down establishes the norms of costs/rewards
9 of 13
Rusbult and Martz
Argue women stay in abusive relationships because their INVESTMENT is high (e.g children / place to live) but the cost of leaving is higher (lose of money/house) so argued there still is relationship profit – they would lose more by leaving.
10 of 13
Duck and Sants
critices SET for focusing too much on the individual's perspective and ignoring the social aspect of the relationship e.g. how they communicate and interpret shared events.
11 of 13
Cultural Bias (Moghaddam)
Individualistic principles inherent with economic emphasis in couples striving for what is most rewarding for themselves as individuals with collectivist cultures being ignored.
12 of 13
Reductionist
reduces down to trading needs and wants. Ignores emotions and media
13 of 13

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

profit and loss: Reward – costs = Positive for both.

Back

Successful relationships

Card 3

Front

: 1. assess if the individuals offer something better or worse than another so we can judge the relationship.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

2. compares the reward & cost in our current relationship to what we have been use to in previous ones – motivates us to stay

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

possible alternative relationships : if they don’t compare then the relationship will end

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Relationships resources »