Machine Architecture

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  • Created by: 10apples
  • Created on: 07-02-15 14:45
CPU
The internal components of a computer system.
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Main Memory
Stores data and instructions currently in use.
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Bus
A set of parallel wires connecting two or more independent components of a computer system
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Signal
Passed between components on a bus.
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Peripheral
A hardware device not directly connected to the processor.
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I/O Controller
A circuit board that allows a peripheral device to connect to the system buses.
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I/O Port
A set of data, command and status registers.
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Register
Storage locations that can be read from and written to.
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Three buses that make up the System Bus
Data, Address and Control
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Electronic Clock
Connected to the microprocessor to sync reading/writing of data and instructions
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Address Bus
Uni-Directional, processor generates an address - other componetns take off the this bu
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Data Bus
Carries data and instructions between internal components of the computer system.
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Control Bus
Used to send control signals. (read/write/reset signal)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Main Memory

Back

Stores data and instructions currently in use.

Card 3

Front

Bus

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Signal

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Peripheral

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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