LING222 Types & Structures of Phrases

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Auxiliary verbs
help other verbs to form complete predicates- they never occur on their own e.g. be/do/have
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Two types of auxiliaries are:
1. modal: express possibility, probability, certainty, permission, necessity and ability e.g. can/could/would/etc. 2. primary: have/be used to form the perfect or passive or progressive, dummy aux. do for forming questions
2 of 5
How to spot noun phrases
headed by a noun, so spotting nouns is the first step
3 of 5
Complements vs. modifiers
complements are never more than one, modifiers on the other hand may be stacked
4 of 5
Passive Forms & Functions
123
5 of 5

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Card 2

Front

Two types of auxiliaries are:

Back

1. modal: express possibility, probability, certainty, permission, necessity and ability e.g. can/could/would/etc. 2. primary: have/be used to form the perfect or passive or progressive, dummy aux. do for forming questions

Card 3

Front

How to spot noun phrases

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Complements vs. modifiers

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Passive Forms & Functions

Back

Preview of the front of card 5

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