Learning theory of attachment

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What is the definition of attachment?
An emotional bond between 2 people; a 2 way process that endures over time.
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How can classical conditioning explain attachment?
Food = UCS; Pleasure = UCR; Mother who provides the food = Neutral stimulus --> mother becomes associated with food which produces a conditioned response (pleasure).
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How can operant conditioning explain attachment?
Feeding reduces hunger and creates pleasure (the primary reinforcer); mother becomes the secondary reinforcer.
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Who provides support for learning theory and what did they find?
Harlow's Monkeys - spent more time clinging to the monkey which provided comfort rather than food.
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What can be used as a line of argument against Harlow's monkeys?
Used animals - irrelevant to human attachment maybe.
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Who supported Harlow's study and what did they find?
Schaffer & Emmerson - infants more likely to attach to those who were sensitive to their needs.
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What is a primary attachment figure?
The person who has the closest bond with a child, shown by the intensity of the relationship.
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Card 2

Front

How can classical conditioning explain attachment?

Back

Food = UCS; Pleasure = UCR; Mother who provides the food = Neutral stimulus --> mother becomes associated with food which produces a conditioned response (pleasure).

Card 3

Front

How can operant conditioning explain attachment?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who provides support for learning theory and what did they find?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What can be used as a line of argument against Harlow's monkeys?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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