Judaism

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  • Created by: Claire527
  • Created on: 12-04-14 18:24
Abraham?
Father of the Jewish nation and also father of Isaac and Jacob.
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Bar Mitzvah?
'Son of the commandment' a boys coming of age at 13 years old, usually marked by a synagogue, ceremony and family celebration.
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Bat Mitzvah?
'Daughter of the commandment' a girls coming of age at 12 years old, may be marked differently between communities.
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Bimah?
Raised platform primarily for reading the Torah in the synagogue.
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Brit Milah?
Circumcision: Religious rite performed by a qualified Mohel on all Jewish boys, usually on the eighth day after birth.
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Chazan?
Leader of reading, singing and chanting in the services of some synagogues.
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Circumcision?
Takes place on the festival of Brit Milah. It involves the removal of the foreskin from the penis.
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Exodus?
The journey into slavery in egypt out of which Moses led the people in the story of the Passover.
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Gemara?
Commentary on the Mishnah, included in the Talmud.
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Get?
Bill of divorce in Jewish law.
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Haggadah?
A Jewish religious text that sets out the order of the Passover Seder
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Halakah?
The code of conduct encompassing all aspects of Jewish life.
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Hanukkah?
An eight day festival of lights to celebrate the re-dedication of the temple following the Maccabean victory over the Greeks.
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Havdalah?
Ceremony marking the conclusion of shabbat.
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Holocaust?
The extermination of six million Jews (as well as many others) by the Nazis between 1933 and 1945 CE
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Hebrew Bible?
The Jewish Scriptures
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Huppah?
Canopy used for a wedding ceremony, under which the bride and groom stand.
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Kaddish?
Prayer publicly recited by mourners.
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Kippah?
Head covering worn by men during prayers, Torah study ect. Some followers will wear it constantly.
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Kiddush?
A prayer sanctifying Shabbat and festival days, usually recited over wine.
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Ketuvim?
Third section of the Tenakh.
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Kosher food?
Foods permitted by Jewish dietary laws.
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Mezuzah?
A scroll placed on doorposts of Jewish homes, containing a section from the Torah and often enclosed in a decorative case.
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Midrash?
Collections of various Rrabbinic commentaries on the Tenakh
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Mishnah?
First writing down of the Oral tradition. An authoritive document forming the part of the Talmud.
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Mitzvah?
'Commandment' The Torah contains 613 mitzvot. Commonly used to describe good deeds.
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Mohel?
The person who performs the ritual of circumcision. Must be an observant Jew trained in the applicable Jewish law and surgical technique.
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Moses?
Leader and Lawgiver at the time of the Exodus.
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Nevi'im?
'Prophets' Second section of the Tenakh.
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Pesach (Passover)?
Festival commemorative the Exodus from Egypt. One of the three biblical pilgrim festivals. Pesach is celebrated in the Spring.
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Rabbi?
An ordained Jewish teacher. Often the religious leader of a Jewish community.
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Rosh Hashanah?
Jewish Nnew Year.
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Seder?
A home based ceremonial meal during Pesach, at which the Exodus from Egypt is recounted using the Hagadah.
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Shabbat?
Day of spiritual renewal and rest commencing at sunset on Friday and ending at sunset on Saturday.
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Shema?
Major Jewish prayer affirming belief in one God. The Shema is found in the Torah.
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Siddur?
Daily prayer book.
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Sukkot?
One of three biblical pilgrim festivals, Sukkot is celebrated in Autumn.
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Synagogue?
Building for Jewish public prayer, study and assembly.
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Tallit?
Prayer shawl: four cornered garment with fringes.
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Talmud?
Mishnah and Gemara, collected together.
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Tefillin?
Small leather boxes containing passages from the Torah, strapped on the forehead and left arm for morning prayers on weekdays.
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Tenakh?
The collected 24 books of the Jewish Bible, comprising three sections: Torah, Nevi'im and Ketuvim.
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Torah?
The five books of Moses. (Jewish Bible)
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Tzizit?
Fringes on the corners of the Tallit. Also commonly refers to the fringed under-vest worn by some Jjewish males.
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Yom Kippur?
Fast day occuring on the tenth day after Rosh Hashanah.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

'Son of the commandment' a boys coming of age at 13 years old, usually marked by a synagogue, ceremony and family celebration.

Back

Bar Mitzvah?

Card 3

Front

'Daughter of the commandment' a girls coming of age at 12 years old, may be marked differently between communities.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Raised platform primarily for reading the Torah in the synagogue.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Circumcision: Religious rite performed by a qualified Mohel on all Jewish boys, usually on the eighth day after birth.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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