RS Keywords - Islam: practices

The five pillars
Five most important duties for all Muslims: to believe, to pray, to give to charity, to fast and to go on a pilgrimage.
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Shahadah
Declaration of faith.
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Salah
Prayer.
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Zakah
Charitable giving.
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Sawm
Fasting.
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Hajj
Pilgrimage.
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The ten obligatory acts
Ten most important duties for Shi'a Muslims.
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Wudu
Ritual washing before prayer.
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Mihrab
A niche in a wall that indicates the direction of Makkah.
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Qiblah wall
The wall in a mosque that contains the mihrab.
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Rak'ah
A sequence of movements in ritual prayer.
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Recitation
Repeating a passage of text from memory.
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Prostration
Kneeling with the forehead, nose, hands, knees and toes touching the floor, in submission to God.
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Jummah prayer
A weekly communal prayer performed after midday on Friday.
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Ramadan
The ninth month of the Muslim calendar, during which Muslims have to fast from dusk to sunset.
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Fasting
Not eating or drinking for a certain length of time.
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The Night of Power
The night when the first revelation of the Qur'an was made to Muhammed.
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Sadaqah
Good actions or voluntary payments that are undertaken for charitable reasons.
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Khums
A 20 percent tax paid by Shi'a Muslims on their excess income.
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Pilgrimage
A journey made by a believer to a holy sit for religious reasons.
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Hajj
The annual pilgrimage to Makkah.
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Ka'aba
The black, cube-shaped building in the centre of the Grand Mosque in Makkah.
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Hajji
Someone who has completed Hajj.
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Jihad
A struggle against evil.
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Greater Jihad
Personal inward struggle of all Muslims to live in line with the teaching of their faith.
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Lesser Jihad
Outward struggle to defend one's faith, family and country from threat.
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Holy war
Fighting for a religious cause or God, probably controlled by a religious leader.
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Id-ul-Fitr
Muslim festival that celebrates the end of Ramadan.
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Id-ul-Adha
Muslim festival that celebrates the prophet Ibrahim's willingness to sacrifice his son for God.
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Day of Ashura
A festival that is important for Shi'a Muslims who remember in the battle of Karbala and death of Husayn on this day.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Declaration of faith.

Back

Shahadah

Card 3

Front

Prayer.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Charitable giving.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Fasting.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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