Institutional Aggression

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  • Created by: caitlin
  • Created on: 20-05-14 18:10
Origins of institutional aggression (Interpersonal factors-importation model)
Irwin and Cressey claim that prisoners bring their own social histories and traits into to prison with them, which influences their adaption to the prison environment. Prisoners are not 'blank slates' and many things would be imported into the prison
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Harer and Steffensmeier
collected data from 58 US prisons and found black inmates had significantly higher rates of violent behaviour but lower drink/drugs associated behavior than white inmates. these patterns parallel racial differences in behaviour is US society
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Origins of institutional aggression (Situational factors- deprivation model)
Peterson suggests that prisoner/patient aggression is a result of stressful and oppressive conditions of the institution itself. Including crowding which assumed to increase fear levels and staff experience.
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McCorkle et al
found that overcrowding, lack of privacy and lack of meaningful activity all significantly influenced peer violence.
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Hazing ( study of 11,000 US students found half to experience hazing)
A form of institutional bullying based on a tradition within many groups to discipline younger members and maintain a strict pecking order. These can spiral out of control i.e. Private Sychev who required an amputation of leg and genitalia.
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McCorkle
found that in prisons the domination of the weaker inmates was seen as essential to maintain status, with passive behaviour being seen as a weakness.
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Institutional Aggression between groups (Genocide)
Staub outlined 5 stages in the process of genocide, 1; difficult social conditions, leading to... 2; scapegoating of a less powerful group leading to...3; neg evaluation ad dehumanisation of target group leading to...
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Dehumanization
Although humans usually have inhibitions about killing fellow humans, but when the target group is dehumanized so their appear worthless animals and therefore not worthy of moral consideration.
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O'Brien
dehumanisation of immigrants may explain aggression towards them and seen as "Polluting threat to social order"
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Obedience to Authority
Milgram believed the Holocaust was primarily the result of situational pressures that forced Nazi soilders to obey their leaders regardless of any personal moral repugnance.
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Mandel
rejects Milgram's claim that obedience to authority was sufficient explanation of behaviour of the holocaust. he said it is monocausal and ignore historical facts such as anti-antisemitism
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Harer and Steffensmeier

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collected data from 58 US prisons and found black inmates had significantly higher rates of violent behaviour but lower drink/drugs associated behavior than white inmates. these patterns parallel racial differences in behaviour is US society

Card 3

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Origins of institutional aggression (Situational factors- deprivation model)

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McCorkle et al

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Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

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Hazing ( study of 11,000 US students found half to experience hazing)

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