Institutional Aggression

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1. What does the importation model suggest?

  • Violence is due to race
  • Prisoners bring their own personalities, traits and opinions into prisons with them which affects how they act in prison
  • Being deprived of luxuries in prison is the cause of violence
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2. Why does DeLisi et al (2006) claim that there is no correlation between pre-prison gang membership and prison violence?

  • Violent gang members ate isolated from general population
  • Gang members just want to get their sentence over and done with
  • Gang members assert power through dominance, but without violence

3. What did Allender & Marcell (2003) find?

  • pre-prison gang membership correlated to a decrease in prison violence
  • Street gang member offend at high level than counterparts
  • No link between pre-prison gang membership and prison misconduct

4. What does Jiang & Fischer Giorlando (2002) suggest?

  • Both thoeries are incorrect as they do not supply efficient evidence
  • Deprivation explains violence against prison staff and importation explain violence against inmates
  • Deprivation explains violence against inmates and importation explains violence against prison staff

5. What did Nijman et al (1999) find?

  • Only link was increased level of luxuries led to decreased aggression
  • Increased levels of personal space didn't actually decrease the level of violent incidents - conditions inst cause of aggression
  • Very strong correlation between personal space and aggression


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