inequality

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cooke& opperheim
'societies remain unequal'
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functionalist
'inequality is functional'
2 of 25
davis &moore
'the most important jobs in society are the most highly rewarded'
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meritocracy
The harder you work the better job you wil have-->motivation
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criticisms of functionalism
Footballers get paid higher than doctors?!?!?!?!?!
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Durkheim
inequality and difference is inevitable.
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parsons
social systems must be hierachial to keep social order
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Evaluation of functionalism 1
-many unskilled jobs are just as important as skilled-highly paid jobs
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Evaluation of functionalism 2
- people don't need extra rewards to reach self-actualisation
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Evaluation of functionalism 3
- stratification can demotivate as much as it can motivate
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Marxism
bourgeousie exploit working class through wage labour
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surplus value
capitalists pay workers less than the value of what they produce
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the capitalist system
relies on social inequality and is legitimised by the state
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ideological state apparatus
the state controls our thoughts through the ISA e.g media, education,religion
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poverty-hills report 2010
richest 10% of population 100x better off than10% least richest
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2007-8 -income inquality
reached the highest level of income inequality since after ww2
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poverty
when you are deprived of basic things
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poverty line- rowntree
measure of poverty
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absolute poverty
where they are lacking necessaties for a 'healthy life'
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poverty -evaluation 1
relies on the concept of 'basic needs' therefore, subjective
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poverty evaluation 2
cannot be objectively measured
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poverty evaluation 3
needs are affteced on gender,age,ethnicty, occupation..
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poverty evaluation 4
relative to time and place
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relative deprivation- townsend
when people lack the resources and opportunities to live a 'normal' lifestyle
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relative deprivation 2
drew up by a panel of experts
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

'inequality is functional'

Back

functionalist

Card 3

Front

'the most important jobs in society are the most highly rewarded'

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The harder you work the better job you wil have-->motivation

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Footballers get paid higher than doctors?!?!?!?!?!

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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