Rivers- Hydrological Cycle

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Which storage system creates a significant store of water in wooded areas?
Interception storage
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What is the name of the storage which has been taken up by plants?
Vegetaion storage
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Which storage includes water in puddles, ponds and lakes?
Surface storage
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What is the name of the storage which is stored in the ground, either in the soil or the rocks?
Groundwater storage
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What is the name given to the storage system that holds water in a river or steam channel?
Channel storage
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What name is given to the level of saturated ground in the soil? - it rises and falls depending on the amount of rain
Water table
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Name a process where water flows over the land
Surface runoff
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What is teh name given to the process where water drips from one leaf to another?
Throughfall
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What is it called when water runs down a plant stem or a tree trunk?
Stemflow
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What is the name given to the process where water moves slowly downhill through the soil?
Throughflow
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What is it called when water soaks into the soil? -These rates are influenced by soil type, soil structure and the levels of water already in the soil. This process cannot happen during a storm as the process can't happen fast enough.
Infiltration
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What is the name of the process where water seeps down through the soil into the water table?
Percolation
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What is the name of the process where water flows slowly below the water table through permeable rock?
Groundwater flow
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What is the name of the process where groundwater flow feeds into rivers through river banks and river beds?
Baseflow
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What is it called when water flows downhill through permeable rock above the water trable?
Interflow
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What is it called when water flows into the river itself? (also called river discharge)
Channel flow / River discharge
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Name the output where water turns into water vapour?
Evaporation
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Name the output where plants and trees take up water through their roots and transport it to their leaves where it evaporates?
Transpiration
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Which evapotranspiration is the amount of water that could be lost?
Potential evapotranspiration (PET)
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Which evapotranspiration is "what actually happens", for example in a desert PET is high (as heat increases evaporation) yet transpiration is low because there isnt much moisture to begin with
Actual evapotranspiration
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Name the output where water flows out of the river
River discharge / River flow
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What does the Water Balance show?
The balance between inputs (precipitaion) and outputs (channel discharge and evapotranspiration)
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What does the Water Balance show during wet seasons?
1). Precipitation exceeds evapotranspiration- which creates a water surplus. 2). The ground stores fill with water so there's more surface run off and higher discharge- river levels rise.
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What does the Water Balance show during drier seasons?
1). Precipitation is lower than evapotranspiration. 2). Ground stores are depleted as some water is used (by plants and humans) and some flows into the river channel, but isnt replaced by precipitation-so at the end of a dry season there is a deficit
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the name of the storage which has been taken up by plants?

Back

Vegetaion storage

Card 3

Front

Which storage includes water in puddles, ponds and lakes?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the name of the storage which is stored in the ground, either in the soil or the rocks?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the name given to the storage system that holds water in a river or steam channel?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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