HYDROCARBONS IN CRUDE OIL AND NATURAL GAS

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What are Natural Gas and Hydrocarbon an example of ?
Natural resources
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How are natural gas and hydrocarbons formed from?
From ancient remains of microscopic animals and plants that once lived in the sea.These remains become covered by layers of of sediments and over millions over years they turn into hydrocarbons and natural Gas
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How does the sediments trap the natural gas and oil?
By turning into a rock
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Why are these resources referred to as finite resources?
Because they are not made anymore which limits the amounts available to us
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What is Crude oil a mixture of?
Hydrocarbons
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What is a hydrocarbon?
A compounds that contains hydrogen and carbon atoms only
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How many covalent bonds do carbon atoms have?
4, so carbon atoms are able to join in different ways forming rings/chains.
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Hydrocarbons exist in different physical states, depending ....
on the size and complexity of the hydrocarbons
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What is crude oils physical state at room temperature?
Liquid
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What is one use of crude oil?
Fuel for vehicles eg airships, ships heating and power stations
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What is another use of Crude oil?
Feed-stocks or raw material petrochemical industry
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What is petrochemical?
Substance made from Crude oil such as polythene.
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What is Natural Gas?
A mixture of hydrocarbons in the gas state
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What is the main hydrocarbon and what is it used for?
Methane, it is useful for cooking
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What are some liquids that can be obtained from hydrocarbons?
Petrol, diesel, for vehicles and kerosene for aircraft
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What are these an example of?
Fossil Fuels
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Why are fossil fuels are non-renewable resources?
As they being used up faster than they are being formed, if we carry on using these fuel they will run out one day.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How are natural gas and hydrocarbons formed from?

Back

From ancient remains of microscopic animals and plants that once lived in the sea.These remains become covered by layers of of sediments and over millions over years they turn into hydrocarbons and natural Gas

Card 3

Front

How does the sediments trap the natural gas and oil?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why are these resources referred to as finite resources?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is Crude oil a mixture of?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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