Humanistic Approach

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  • Created by: Abbie
  • Created on: 15-06-13 15:38
What are the basic assumptions/features of the humanistic approach?
Each individual is unique, Aim of psychology should be to help people to achieve their full potential, scientific methods are inapropriate. Humans have free will, Humans strive towards self actualisation, focus should be on whole person (holistic)
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how do humanistic psychologists explain behaviour?
Rogers - people could only fulfil their potential for growth if they had a unconditional positive regard of others. people don't percieve positive regard of others as unconditional they will only be loved if they meet conditions of worth.
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What is unconditional positive regard?
feeling you are valued and respected without reservation by those around you.
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What do contitions of worth create?
Incongruinty between the real self (how the person is) and the ideal self (how they think they should be). the person tries to close the gap between the real and ideal self.
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Who is another humanistic psychologist who explained behaviour?
Maslow - people have a variety of needs that are aranged in a heirachy, more basic needs at bottom take presedence over top. thos who satisfy all needs become self actualisers.
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What are self actualisers?
Rare, Remarkable people who fulfil their potential completley.
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what happens when you spend a prolonged period of time on a need?
Fixation. For example a person who grew up in poverty might continue to be dominated by anxiety about food even if they escaped poverty later.
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Why do humanistic psychologists reject science?
believe free will is incompatible with scientific approaches. a persons subjective conscious experience is of primary concern. Science - dehuminising. scientific is reductionist not holistic.
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Strengths of Humanistic approach?
emphasises choice and responsibility - largley ignored by other approaches. Considers subjective conscious experiences. shown to be effective in the treatment of some disorders. Values personal ideas and self fulfilment. More sensitive than science.
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Limitations of Humanistic approach?
too much emphasis on self actualisation. not possible to formulate general laws of behaviour. less impact on mainstream psychology than others.vague use of terms. culture -bound not all cultures share that individual achievment brings fulfilment.
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Application of humanistic approach?
Mood disorders - deppression results from lack of unconditional postive regard and inability to accept self. Schizophrenia - used as suportive therapy.
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how do humanistic psychologists explain behaviour?

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Rogers - people could only fulfil their potential for growth if they had a unconditional positive regard of others. people don't percieve positive regard of others as unconditional they will only be loved if they meet conditions of worth.

Card 3

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What is unconditional positive regard?

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Card 4

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What do contitions of worth create?

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Card 5

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Who is another humanistic psychologist who explained behaviour?

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