Health and Social care

  • Created by: zobia 08
  • Created on: 16-11-17 21:07
Growth
An increase in some measured quantity, such as height or weight
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Development
Complex changes including an increase in skills, abilities and capabilities
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Centile lines
Lines on a graph used to show average measurements of height, weight and head circumference. The lines represent the values of measurements taking into account age and sex
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Development Norms
A description of an average set of expectations with respect to a young child's development.
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Milestone
An ability achieved by most children by a certain age. It can involve physical, social, emotional, cognitive and communication skills.
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Gross Motor Skills
Large movements that involve using the large muscles of the body which are required for mobility
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Fine Motor Skills
Involve smaller movements that require more precise direction and use smaller muscles
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Adolescence
An important status change following the onset of puberty during which a young person develops from a child into an adult
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Puberty
A period of rapid growth during which young people reach sexual maturity
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Hormones
Chemical substances produced in the body and transported in the blood stream that control or regulate cells or body organs
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Menopause
The ending of female fertility, including the cessation of menstruation and reduction in production of female sex hormones
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Life Expectancy
An estimate of the number of years on average that a person can expect to live. Sometimes called longevity
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Cognitive Impairment
When a person has trouble remembering, learning new skills, concentrating or making decisions that affect their everyday life
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Abstract Logical Thinking
The ability to solve problems using imagination without having to be involved practically. This is an advanced form of thinking that does not always need a practical context in order to take place
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Egocentric Thinking
Not being able to see a situation from another persons point of view. Piaget thought that a young child assumed that other people see, hear and feel exactly the same as the child does
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Concrete Logical Thinking
The ability to solve problems providing an individual can see or physically handle the issues involved
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Equilibrium
A state of cognitive balance when a child's experience is in line with what they understand
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Disequilibrium
A state of cognitive imbalance between experience and what is understood
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Accommodation
Modifying schemas (concepts) in relation to new information and experiences
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Emotional Literacy
The ability to recognize, understand and appropriately express emotions. Emotional literacy is essential for forming positive social relationships
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Empathy
The ability to identify with or understand another's situation or feelings
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Attachment
A strong emotional connection between a child and caregiver
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Self-image
The way an individual sees themselves, their mental image of themselves
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Self-esteem
How a person feels about themselves, self worth or pride
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Self-concept
An awareness formed in early childhood of being an individual, a unique person and different from everyone else
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Deprivation
Being deprived of a caregiver to whom an attachment already exists
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Privation
Being deprived of the opportunity to from an attachment
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Separation Anxiety
The fear and apprehension that infants experience when separated from their primary caregiver
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Stranger Anxiety
When an infant becomes anxious and fearful around strangers
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Nature
Genetic inheritance and other biological factors
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Nurture
The influence of external factors after conception such as social and environmental factors
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Maturation
A genetically programmed sequence of change, for example the onset of the menopause
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Positive Reinforcement
The behavior is repeated because of the personal satisfaction or rewards
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Negative Reinforcement
The behavior is not repeated to avoid an adverse experience such as lack of satisfaction or to being avoid being told off
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Diathesis
A predisposition or vulnerability to mental disorder through abnormality of the brain or neurotransmitters
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Genetic Predisposition
Inherited genes that determine physical growth, development, health and appearance
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Susceptibility
An increased likelihood of acquiring a disease because of an individuals genetic make up
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Congenital
Present at birth
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Neural tube defects
Congenital defects of the brain, spine or spinal cord
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Pollutant
A substance that contaminates something such as air or water and may make it unsafe
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Respiratory Disorders
Conditions affecting the upper respiratory tract, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles alveoli, pleura and pleural cavity
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Cardiovascular Problems
Any disorder or disease of the heart or blood vessels
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Hypothermia
Excessively low body temperature below 35c
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Dysfunctional Family
A family that is not providing all of the support and benefits associated with being in a family
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Parenting Styles
A definition of the different strategies/ways that parents use to bring up their children
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Median
The middle value in a list of numbers written in numerical order
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Attitude
Assumptions that we use to make sense of our social experience
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Secondary Socialisation
The process of learning appropriate behavior in society. Influences include education, media, government and religion/culture
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Primary Socialisation
The process of a child learning the norms, attitudes and values of the culture and society in which they are growing up
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Values
Principles that we use to guide our thoughts and decisions
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Lifestyle
How a person spends their time and money
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Predictable Events
Events that are expected to happen at a particular time. While expected they may have a positive or negative effect on a person's health and wellbeing
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Unpredictable Events
Events that happen unexpectedly and which may have serious physical and psychological effects on the individual. These effects can be positive or negative.
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Cartilage
The soft tissue that protects the surfaces of the bone
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Vascular Dementia
Symptoms include problems with language, memory and thought process caused by problems in the blood supply to the brain
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Enabler
Someone who delivers person-centered care in a domiciliary (home) setting, which encourages independence
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Complex changes including an increase in skills, abilities and capabilities

Back

Development

Card 3

Front

Lines on a graph used to show average measurements of height, weight and head circumference. The lines represent the values of measurements taking into account age and sex

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A description of an average set of expectations with respect to a young child's development.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

An ability achieved by most children by a certain age. It can involve physical, social, emotional, cognitive and communication skills.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

Nimrah11

Report

Very helpful 

Thank you Zoba

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