Green Crime

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  • Created by: Megan
  • Created on: 29-04-15 14:53
Define green crime
Crime against the environment
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What does Beck argue that technology and productivity has created?
'Manufactured risk' - dangers that we have never faced before. Many of these risks involve harm to the environment and its concequences for humanity such as global warming
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How does Beck describe Late Modern Society?
'Global risk society' because many of the risks we face are global rather than local in nature
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Why has Traditional criminology not been concerned with green crime?
the subject matter of traditional criminology is defined by the criminal law, often in green crime no laws have been broken
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What is an advantage of the approach Traditional criminology takes towards green crime?
It has a clearly defined subject matter - it is only researched if it has violated the law
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What is a disadvantage of the approach that Traditional criminology takes?
The official definitions of crime that they use are often shaped by powerful groups to serve their own business interests
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What does WHITE argue the proper subject of criminology is?
any action that harms the physical environment and/or human or non human animals within it, even if no law has been broken.
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What form of criminology is green criminology?
Transgressive - it oversteps the boundaries of traditional criminology to include new issues.
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Give an advantage of the approach that green criminology takes
Different countries have different laws, one harmful action may be a crime in one country but not another. Legal definitions cannot provide a consistent standard of harm
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What are the two views of harm known as ?
Anthropocentric/human centered view of harm and ecocentric view of harm
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What dies the anthropocentric view assume?
Humans have a right to dominate nature for their own ends, it puts economic growth before the environment
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What does the ecocentric view suggest?
Humans and their environment are interdependent, so environmental harm hurts humans too. It sees both humans and the environment as liable to exploitation, particually by captalism.
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What did SOUTH classify green crimes into?
Primary and Secondary green crimes
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What are primary green crimes?
crimes that result directly from destruction and degradation of the earth's resources e.g. deforestation or air pollution
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What are secondary green crimes?
crimes that flout the rules aimed at preventing or regulating environmental disasters - they ignore the legislations e.g. Hazardous waste and organised crime
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What was Tafigura ?
Large trans-national company. They dumped toxic waste on the ivory coast because it was cheap - it caused sickness, miscarrages and coughing. The only person imprisoned was the one who unloaded the ship
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Give and advantage of green criminology
It recognises the growing importance of environmental issues and the need to address such issues
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Give a disadvantage of green criminology
Itt focuses on the broader harms and not on the legally defined ones, so it is difficult to define the boundaries of its areas of study
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What does Beck argue that technology and productivity has created?

Back

'Manufactured risk' - dangers that we have never faced before. Many of these risks involve harm to the environment and its concequences for humanity such as global warming

Card 3

Front

How does Beck describe Late Modern Society?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why has Traditional criminology not been concerned with green crime?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is an advantage of the approach Traditional criminology takes towards green crime?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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