Germany

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  • Created by: Dem_co
  • Created on: 17-04-16 22:01
Why did Generals Ludendorff and Hindenburg allow a new government to form, led by Prince Max of Baden?
So that people would blame the government not the army for Germany surrendering, in the First World War.
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When was Kaiser Wilhelm II forced to abdicate and where did he go to?
9th of November 1918 and to Holland
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What happened on the 11th of November 1918?
Leader of the SPD (Social democratic party) Friedrich Ebert came to power as the new leader of the republic
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What big mistake did Friedrich Ebert make coming into power?
He immediately signed an armistice with the allies, this later became known as the "stab in the back" myth or "Dolchstoss"
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When the Weimar government were blamed for stabbing the army in the back, what were the other Weimar politicians known as?
"November Criminals"
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In January 1919 when the democratic elections took place, who got the most seats and how many did they get?
The SPD (Social Democratic Party) and 163 votes
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All German people including women over ... could vote
20
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How often was Reichstag elected?
Every 4 years and they had to have a Chancellor who had to have the support of the Reichstag
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How often did a President need to be elected?
7 years
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What was Proportional representation?
Where political parties got seats dependant on the proportion of votes they received, eg. Each party needed 60,000 votes to get a seat in the Reichstag.
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What were the positives and negatives about Proportional Representation?
Proportional representation was a fairer system, where voices could be heard. However it meant small extremist parties could win seats and get a political voice (NSDAP).
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What did Proportional representation lead to?
As it was difficult for just 1 party to win a majority in the Reichstag, PR led to coalition governments which would frequently break down as different parties found it hard to work together. There were 20 different ones between 1919-1933
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How many different coalition governments were there between 1919-1933?
20
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What did article 48 mean?
Article 48 of the Constitution meant the President could take control in the case of emergency without consulting the Chancellor or the Reichstag, allowing them to act as a dictator.
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Which institutions were left untouched by Ebert and what affect did that have?
The traditional elites such as the army, judiciary, civil servants, police etc. This was a huge mistake as they all hated the Weimer democracy.
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When did the Spartacist Uprising take place?
January 1919
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Who did the Spartacists want a revolution like?
The one which took place in Russia in October 1917
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Who were the Spartacists led by? (spell names)
Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg
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When was the Ebert-Groener Pact signed?
November 1918
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What was the Ebert-Groener Pact?
Groener promised to help Ebert crush any opposition and in return Ebert promised to leave the army alone.
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What mistake to Ebert make with the Ebert-Groener Pact ?
He ignored the fact that the army behaved like dictators in the First World War and could have used their defeat to get red of officers who ere against democracy .
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What happened to "LEFT" as a result of the Spartacist Uprising?
They were permanently split, as many never forgave Ebert and the SPD for crushing the uprising using the Freikorps.
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Card 2

Front

When was Kaiser Wilhelm II forced to abdicate and where did he go to?

Back

9th of November 1918 and to Holland

Card 3

Front

What happened on the 11th of November 1918?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What big mistake did Friedrich Ebert make coming into power?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When the Weimar government were blamed for stabbing the army in the back, what were the other Weimar politicians known as?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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