Geography - Tourism

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What are 5 different growths in the tourist industry
activity holiday, beach holiday, short city breaks, health tourism and heritage and cultural
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Social factors of the growth in global tourism
leisure time increased over 40 years and jobs have shorter working weeks with holiday entertainment paid for. Also product developments changed= 1950s Butlin camps.. Now=long haul Maldives or Disney Land in USA
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Economic factors of the growth in global tourism
greater wealth due to fewer children and more disposable income. Also currency exchange rates depend on where people travel, eg= 2008 USA 20% increase in UK tourists due to $2 to the pound
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Political factors of the growth in global tourism
The EU has relaxed its borders between the EU, but tourists taken advantaged and move freely through borders. Also softer tourist immigration regulations making it easier to travel globally
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2 different kind of holiday destinations
skiing and beach holidays
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What are the 6 stages of the Butler model
exploration, involvement, development, consolidation, stagnation, rejuvenation and decline
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Define exploration
has a small number of tourists and few facilities
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Define involvement
town starts to provide tourist facilities
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Define development
number of visitors increased and area becomes recognised
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Define consolidation
transport and access is improved
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Define stagnation
standards of facilities and services decline and become run down
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Define rejuvenation
When new destinations are rebranded and regenerated to increase tourist numbers again
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Define decline
When the tourist number declines dramatically
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Social PandN effect of tourism
Maldives P-money generated from tourists improved education+services Zanzibar N- loss of cultural identity
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Economic PandN effects of tourism
P- money spent on tourism helps other industries N- more people working in tourism means less in other industries eg- fewer farmers
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Environmental PandN effects of tourism
Zanzibar P- Stone Town has a designated world heritage site giving it protection Maldives N- Enclave resorts causing problems for the coral reefs that surround them
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2 stakeholders positive and negative
Balham Shop Owner - Positive: tourists visiting all year round helps community and shop owner .. Hotel worker Maldives- Negative: works very long hours+rarely sees family, also pay is low.
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Define ecotourism
ecotourism is a sustainable method to meet needs of present tourism and host communities while protecting and enhancing the needs of future generations
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What ecotourism involves
visiting natural areas with objectives of learning, studying or participating in activities that don't bring negative effects to the environment.
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Define mass tourism
large no of tourist, organised by profited international tour operators, tourists enjoy physical environment e.g.: climate but don't appreciated it full or consider their impacts
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Define adventure holidays
activity holidays uses physical environment to provide a thrill e.g.: white water rafting, no learning involved, tourism may not impact environment but does nothing to actively conserve it.
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Name a ecotourism destination
Footsteps in Gambia
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Social factors of the growth in global tourism

Back

leisure time increased over 40 years and jobs have shorter working weeks with holiday entertainment paid for. Also product developments changed= 1950s Butlin camps.. Now=long haul Maldives or Disney Land in USA

Card 3

Front

Economic factors of the growth in global tourism

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Political factors of the growth in global tourism

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

2 different kind of holiday destinations

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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