1. A cancer cell is also known as a ________ cell
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2. Why are cancer cells used in the production of monoclonal antibodies?
- They make antibodies
- They replicate quickly
- They can produce anti-toxins to neutralise toxins produced by pathogens
3. What is a monoclonal antibody?
- An antibody which specifically binds to one type of antigen
- A type of B lymphocyte
- A chemical defence against pathogens
4. How are monoclonal antibodies used in pregnancy tests?
- The hormone HGH or hCG in urine binds to mobile antibodies. The bound antibody then attaches to an immobilised antibody, producing a colour change.
- Monoclonal antibodies in the urine bind to hCG on the pregnancy stick, producing a line.
5. What is the name of the white blood cells produced to fight pathogens?
- B lymphocytes
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