Functionalist perspective on education

Explain what functionalists means by 'value' consensus?
An agreement among societies members about what values are important
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What do functionalists aim to explain when studying education?
They aim to explain what functions education performs - what does it do to help societies needs?
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Explain how education helps to create social solidarity?
By transmitting societies culture - i.e. assemblies, learning the same things
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How does school resemble a society in miniature?
By preparing us for life in wider society - i.e. working with people we don't know, learning new things
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According to Durkheim, why does education need to teach specialist skills
To play their part in the social division of labor (work)
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What are particularistic standards?
Rules that only apply to a particular person
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How does education act as a bridge between the family and wider society?
Children learn a new way of living if they are to cope with the wider world
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What is meritocracy?
When everyone is given an equal opportunity
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According to Davis and Moore, why is it important for role allocation to be meritocratic?
To make sure the best suited students are able to perform the best quality jobs
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How does education achieve meritocracy?
By testing everyone on aptitudes and abilities
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State four criticisms of the functionalist perspective
The edu system does not teach specialist skill, equal opportunities do not exist in edu, functionalist have an 'over-socialized view', state edu system fails to prepare young people for work
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What do functionalists aim to explain when studying education?

Back

They aim to explain what functions education performs - what does it do to help societies needs?

Card 3

Front

Explain how education helps to create social solidarity?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How does school resemble a society in miniature?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

According to Durkheim, why does education need to teach specialist skills

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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