forensics ; psychological explanations ; eysenck's theory

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- general personality theory
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proposed behavoir could be represented among how many dimensons?
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which were?
introversion/extraversion + neuroticism/stability
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two dimensions combine to form?
variety of personality traits
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eysenck later added third dimension of?
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- biological basis
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according to him our personality traits are biological in origi and come about through?
type of nervous system we inherit
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thus all personality types including criminal personality have?
innate biological basis
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why do extroverts constantly seek excitement and stimulation?
underactive nervous system
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and are likely to engage in?
risk-taking behaviours
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also tendnot to do which twothings?
condition easily / learn from mistakes
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neurotic individuals tend to be?
nervous / jumpy / over-anxious
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and what means behaviour is often difficult to predict?
general instability
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- criminal personality
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what type on scale?
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in addition eysenck suggested offender would also score highly on?
measures of psychoticism
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a personality type characterised as?
cold / unemotional / aggression prone
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- role of socialisation
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in eysenck's theory personality is linked to criminal behaviour via?
socialisation process
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he saw criminal behaviour as developmentally immature how?
selfish and concerned with imediate gratification
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process of socialisation is one in which childen are tacught to?
become more able to delay gratification and more socially oriented
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eysenck believed what about people with high EN?
had nervous systems taht made them difficult to condition
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as result they woudln;t do wht?
learn easily to respond to antisocial impulses with anxiety
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consequently more likely to do what where opportunity presented itself?
act antisocially in situations
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- measuring criminal personality
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what notion is central to eysenck's theory?
personality can be measured
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what psychological test did he develop?
EPI - eysenck personality inventory
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which does what to determine personaluty tyoe?
locates respondents along E and N dimensions
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later scale introduced to measure?
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:) supporting evidence
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eysenck and eysenck had how many male prisoners do EPI?
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and compared their scores with how many male controls?
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groups subdivided to age groups ranging from?
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on all three measures across all age groups what were the results?
prisoners scored higher than controls
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howver farrington reviewed several studies and reported what?
high scores for P but not E amd N
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also v little evidence of insistent differences in what measures?
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used to measure?
cortical arousal
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extravers and intorvets
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which does what with eysencks theory?
casts doubt on physiological arousal basis
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:( idea of single criminal type
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what has been heavily criticised?
idea all offending behaviour can be explained by one singulartype
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for instance what did moffitt propose?
several distinct types adult male offender
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based on?
timing of firts offence and how long offending persists
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further eysenck's criminal type is out of step with?
modern personality theories
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digman's five factor model of personality suggests alongside E and N there are additional dimensions of?
openness / agreeableness / conscientousness
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from this perspective multiple combinations available so?
high E and N doesnt make offending inevitable
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:( cultural bias
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bartol and holanchock looked into this by studying offenders from which two races?
hispanics and african americans
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at maximum security prison where
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and dividid these into 6 grps based on?
criminal history and offence nature
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revealed all six groups found to be less what than non-criminal ctrl grp?
less extravert
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bartol et all suggested this was because...?
sample v diff cultural grp
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which questions what about criminal personality?
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:( mis-measurement of personality
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theory is built on what premise?
its possible to measure personality through use of psychological tests
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critics have suggested what?
personality type may bot be reducible to score in this way
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indeed many argue waht?
no such thing as personality
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in the sense of a?
stable entity
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on daily basis we play many different parts and personality may change depending on who we're with and situation
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there may be no fixed true self doing what?
directing behaviour criminal or not
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:) biological basis
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eysenck's peroality theory recognises what?
personality may have genetic basis
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some overlap with research into APD and what suggestion?
offenders are cold / uncaring / incapable of empathy
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what does it mean bc of biological basis
eysenck's theory does suffer from some of the same limitations
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Card 2


- general personality theory



Card 3


proposed behavoir could be represented among how many dimensons?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


which were?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


two dimensions combine to form?


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