forensics ; psychological explanations ; eysenck's theory

EYSENCK'S THEORY OF CRIMINAL PERSONALUTY
DGDG
1 of 67
- general personality theory
dfgd
2 of 67
proposed behavoir could be represented among how many dimensons?
two
3 of 67
which were?
introversion/extraversion + neuroticism/stability
4 of 67
two dimensions combine to form?
variety of personality traits
5 of 67
eysenck later added third dimension of?
psychoticism
6 of 67
- biological basis
udbfg
7 of 67
according to him our personality traits are biological in origi and come about through?
type of nervous system we inherit
8 of 67
thus all personality types including criminal personality have?
innate biological basis
9 of 67
why do extroverts constantly seek excitement and stimulation?
underactive nervous system
10 of 67
and are likely to engage in?
risk-taking behaviours
11 of 67
also tendnot to do which twothings?
condition easily / learn from mistakes
12 of 67
neurotic individuals tend to be?
nervous / jumpy / over-anxious
13 of 67
and what means behaviour is often difficult to predict?
general instability
14 of 67
- criminal personality
dfgd
15 of 67
what type on scale?
neurotic-extravert
16 of 67
in addition eysenck suggested offender would also score highly on?
measures of psychoticism
17 of 67
a personality type characterised as?
cold / unemotional / aggression prone
18 of 67
- role of socialisation
sdg
19 of 67
in eysenck's theory personality is linked to criminal behaviour via?
socialisation process
20 of 67
he saw criminal behaviour as developmentally immature how?
selfish and concerned with imediate gratification
21 of 67
process of socialisation is one in which childen are tacught to?
become more able to delay gratification and more socially oriented
22 of 67
eysenck believed what about people with high EN?
had nervous systems taht made them difficult to condition
23 of 67
as result they woudln;t do wht?
learn easily to respond to antisocial impulses with anxiety
24 of 67
consequently more likely to do what where opportunity presented itself?
act antisocially in situations
25 of 67
- measuring criminal personality
dfgdf
26 of 67
what notion is central to eysenck's theory?
personality can be measured
27 of 67
what psychological test did he develop?
EPI - eysenck personality inventory
28 of 67
which does what to determine personaluty tyoe?
locates respondents along E and N dimensions
29 of 67
later scale introduced to measure?
psychoticism
30 of 67
EVALUATION
DFGD
31 of 67
:) supporting evidence
dfhf
32 of 67
eysenck and eysenck had how many male prisoners do EPI?
2070
33 of 67
and compared their scores with how many male controls?
2422
34 of 67
groups subdivided to age groups ranging from?
16-69yrs
35 of 67
on all three measures across all age groups what were the results?
prisoners scored higher than controls
36 of 67
howver farrington reviewed several studies and reported what?
high scores for P but not E amd N
37 of 67
also v little evidence of insistent differences in what measures?
EEG
38 of 67
used to measure?
cortical arousal
39 of 67
between?
extravers and intorvets
40 of 67
which does what with eysencks theory?
casts doubt on physiological arousal basis
41 of 67
:( idea of single criminal type
sdgd
42 of 67
what has been heavily criticised?
idea all offending behaviour can be explained by one singulartype
43 of 67
for instance what did moffitt propose?
several distinct types adult male offender
44 of 67
based on?
timing of firts offence and how long offending persists
45 of 67
further eysenck's criminal type is out of step with?
modern personality theories
46 of 67
digman's five factor model of personality suggests alongside E and N there are additional dimensions of?
openness / agreeableness / conscientousness
47 of 67
from this perspective multiple combinations available so?
high E and N doesnt make offending inevitable
48 of 67
:( cultural bias
dfgd
49 of 67
bartol and holanchock looked into this by studying offenders from which two races?
hispanics and african americans
50 of 67
at maximum security prison where
nyc
51 of 67
and dividid these into 6 grps based on?
criminal history and offence nature
52 of 67
revealed all six groups found to be less what than non-criminal ctrl grp?
less extravert
53 of 67
bartol et all suggested this was because...?
sample v diff cultural grp
54 of 67
which questions what about criminal personality?
generalisability
55 of 67
EVAL EXTRA
DF
56 of 67
:( mis-measurement of personality
dfgd
57 of 67
theory is built on what premise?
its possible to measure personality through use of psychological tests
58 of 67
critics have suggested what?
personality type may bot be reducible to score in this way
59 of 67
indeed many argue waht?
no such thing as personality
60 of 67
in the sense of a?
stable entity
61 of 67
why?
on daily basis we play many different parts and personality may change depending on who we're with and situation
62 of 67
there may be no fixed true self doing what?
directing behaviour criminal or not
63 of 67
:) biological basis
gdfg
64 of 67
eysenck's peroality theory recognises what?
personality may have genetic basis
65 of 67
some overlap with research into APD and what suggestion?
offenders are cold / uncaring / incapable of empathy
66 of 67
what does it mean bc of biological basis
eysenck's theory does suffer from some of the same limitations
67 of 67

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

- general personality theory

Back

dfgd

Card 3

Front

proposed behavoir could be represented among how many dimensons?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

which were?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

two dimensions combine to form?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all forensics resources »