Family

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Socialisation
process of which individuals learn appropriate norms, values and behaviour of their society.
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Role Model
peoples patterns of behaviour which others copy and model their own behaviour on.
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Culture
the way of life of a group/society
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Ascribed status
something that is not earned, but something that you are born into or have no control over.
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Achieved Status
A position that is earned or chosen and reflects a persons skills abilities and efforts.
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Kinship
People that are responsible for each other through relations of blood, marriage/civil partnership or adoption.
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Polygyny
on husband and two or more wives
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Polyandry
One wife and two or more husbands.
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Organic Analogy
functionalist see the family as the heart of society.
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Revolution
to protest and change something
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Scapegoating
individuals or groups who get blamed for things that aren't their fault.
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Familial Ideology
set of ideas about what makes an 'ideal' family. (nuclear family)
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Dependency Culture
A set of values and beliefs and a way of life, centred on the dependence of others
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Underclass
social group, right at the bottom of the social class hierarchy.
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Traditional family
nuclear family; woman is meant to stay at home and clean and look after the children (expressive role) and the male goes out to work to earn money for the house (instrumental role).
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Structural Differentiation
The way new, more specialised social institutions emerge to take over functions that were once performed by single institutions
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Privatisation
households and families become isolated and separated from the community and from wider kin.
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Meritocracy
where status is achieved on the basis of merit which helps people to move up the social mobility e.g. talent, skill and educational qualifications
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Domestic Labour
unpaid housework, including cooking, cleaning, childcare and looking after the sick.
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Divorce Rate
Number of divorces per 1000 married people per year
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Demography
the term used for the study of the characteristics of human populations, such as their size and structure and how these change overtime.
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social construction
the important characteristics of something. something that was already created by society.
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Infant Mortality
The number of child deaths and births in the first year of life for every 1000 children born.
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Life Expectancy
is an estimate of how long the average person can be expected to live. this can be based on age but the most common are life expectancy at birth and the age of 1.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

peoples patterns of behaviour which others copy and model their own behaviour on.

Back

Role Model

Card 3

Front

the way of life of a group/society

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

something that is not earned, but something that you are born into or have no control over.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A position that is earned or chosen and reflects a persons skills abilities and efforts.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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