Enzymes and Digestion

HideShow resource information
Oesophagus
Carries food from the mouth to the stomach. It is therefore adapted to for transport rather than for digestion or absorption.
1 of 7
Stomach
A muscular sac with an inner layer that produces enzymes. Its role is to store and digest food, especially proteins. It has glands that produce enzymes which digest protein. Other glands in the stomach produce mucus, which prevents the stomach being
2 of 7
Small Intestine
Food is further digested in the small intestine by enzymes that are produces by its walls and by glands that pour their secretions into it. The inner walls of the small intestine are folded villi which gives them a large surface area. The surface are
3 of 7
Large Intestine
Absorbs water. Most of the water that is reabsorbed comes from the secretions of the many digestive glands. The food becomes drier and thicker in consistency and forms faeces.
4 of 7
Rectum
Faeces are stored here before egestion.
5 of 7
Salivary Glands
They pass their secretions which contain amylase which breaks down starch into maltose.
6 of 7
Pancreas
Large gland below the stomach. It produces a secretion called pancreatic juice. This secretion contains proteases to digest proteins, lipase to lipids and amylase to digest starch.
7 of 7

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A muscular sac with an inner layer that produces enzymes. Its role is to store and digest food, especially proteins. It has glands that produce enzymes which digest protein. Other glands in the stomach produce mucus, which prevents the stomach being

Back

Stomach

Card 3

Front

Food is further digested in the small intestine by enzymes that are produces by its walls and by glands that pour their secretions into it. The inner walls of the small intestine are folded villi which gives them a large surface area. The surface are

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Absorbs water. Most of the water that is reabsorbed comes from the secretions of the many digestive glands. The food becomes drier and thicker in consistency and forms faeces.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Faeces are stored here before egestion.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Biology resources:

See all Biology resources »See all Biological molecules, organic chemistry and biochemistry resources »