Encoding in memory

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What is meant by the term 'encoding'?
The way information is changed in order for it to be stored in our memory
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What is acoustic encoding and semantic encoding?
Acoustic is coding information in the way it sounds and semantic is coding information in terms of its meaning
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Who took out the key study for this topic?
Baddeley in 1966
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How were the participants organised?
Four groups of participants, Group A given acoustically similar and group B acoustically dissimilar. Group C were given semantically similar and Group D given semantically dissimilar
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What happened next?
Each trial, five words were read out. After a time interval, they had to select the five words / 10 and put them in order
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What did the study show?
STM, acoustically similar had lowest recall, STM encoded acoustically. LTM (20mins interval) semantically similar, lowest recall. LTM encoded semantically
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What is a limitation of this study?
The stimuli used is artificial. This means we have to be careful about how the findings are generalised to other kinds of memory tasks.
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Is 20 minutes a sufficient amount of time for an LTM task?
It is not very long term, it is not the same as months and years which the LTM is capable of doing. It does not show a difference over time
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Card 2

Front

What is acoustic encoding and semantic encoding?

Back

Acoustic is coding information in the way it sounds and semantic is coding information in terms of its meaning

Card 3

Front

Who took out the key study for this topic?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How were the participants organised?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

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What happened next?

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