Developments in the Cold War 1948-1961

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In January 1947, Britain and America united their zones. What did they call the new zone?
Bizonia
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Why did the London Conference of 1948 create tension about Germany?
Russia was not invited.
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What event prompted Stalin to impose the Blockade?
America, Britain and France introducing a new currency into the western zones
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How long did the Berlin Blockade last?
318 days
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How many flights came into Berlin during the Blockade?
275,000
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What was the name of the US General who thought that if West Berlin fell, West Germany would be next?
General Clay
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What was the name of Berlin's main airport?
Templehof
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What do the letters NATO stand for?
North Atlantic Treaty Organisation.
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Who became the leader of the USSR after the death of Stalin?
Khrushchev
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What did he say was the only way to avoid "the most destructive war in history"?
"peaceful co-existence"
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What was "destalinisation"?
Open criticism of Stalin
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What was an example of the arms-race?
ICBMs
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What was the Warsaw Pact?
military alliance of communist-bloc countries
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Where did the US deploy more NATO troops?
Germany
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What is a "clash of ideologies"?
Confrontation between two sides that each believe their way of life is right.
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Who was the first man to be sent into orbit?
Yuri Gagarin
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How did Senator McCarthy's witch-hunts attack communism in America?
public trials
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What is a U2?
A spy plane
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When was the Hungarian revolution?
1956
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What was the first sign that a revolution was starting?
Students toppled a statue of Stalin.
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Who took over from Rakosi on 24 October 1956?
Nagy
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What did Khrushchev order on 28 October that made it look like he would accept the Hungarian revolution?
pulled Russian troops out of Budapest on 28th October
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How long did freedom last in Hungary?
five days
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Which Catholic leader was released from prison to join the new government?
Cardinal Mindszenty
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How many Russian tanks were sent into Hungary?
Hungary was going to leave the Warsaw Pact.
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How many Hungarians were killed in the revolution?
4,000
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When was the Paris summit and the U2 incident?
1960
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Why were the Russians furious about West Berlin?
East Germans were fleeing to the west through West Berlin.
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Why were the Americans worried about Cuba in 1960?
Fidel Castro had seized power there.
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Where was a summit meeting arranged to discuss these tensions?
Paris
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What date was the U2 plane shot down in 1960?
1st May
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Who was the pilot?
Gary Powers
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When the U2 plane was shot down, what did the Americans at first claim it was?
a weather plane
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What date was the summit of 1960?
14th May
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Why did Khrushchev walk out of the Paris summit?
Eisenhower refused to apologise for the U2 spy plane incident
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Why was John F Kennedy elected president of the United States in 1961?
He promised to be tougher with the Russians.
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How many East German refugees were fleeing to the west through West Berlin each day by 1961?
2,000
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What did the Soviets accuse the Americans of using Berlin for?
espionage
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Where was the summit of 1961 held?
Vienna
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What did Khrushchev demand at the 1961 summit?
America should leave West Berlin within six months.
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When did Russia begin building the Berlin Wall?
13 August 1961
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When did Kennedy visit Berlin?
1963
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What statement is Kennedy's speech famous for?
"I am a Berliner."
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If the Berlin Wall became a symbol of all that was bad and repressive about Soviet rule, what did Kennedy say West Berlin was a symbol of?
freedom
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why did the London Conference of 1948 create tension about Germany?

Back

Russia was not invited.

Card 3

Front

What event prompted Stalin to impose the Blockade?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How long did the Berlin Blockade last?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How many flights came into Berlin during the Blockade?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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