Demography

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  • Created by: TayIrvine
  • Created on: 15-09-16 14:16
Identify two factors that have led to a decline in the death rate since 1900.
improved nutrition/diet; medical improvements; reduced smoking; public health measures; the decline of dangerous manual occupations; smaller families; greater public knowledge of the causes of illness; lifestyle changes; higher incomes.
1 of 10
Suggest two reasons for the decline in the birth rate since 1900, apart from changes in women's position.
decline in infant mortality; children becoming an economic liability; child centredness.
2 of 10
Suggest two reasons for class differences in infant mortality.
Class differences in: nutrition; housing quality; parental knowledge of health care.
3 of 10
How might population trends in the UK be related to the increase in the proportion of married women working?
For married women, working offers an alternative role to the traditional housewife/mother role and also gives women less time to bring up a larger family. This has resulted in a decline in the birth rate.
4 of 10
What is meant by 'ageism'?
The negative stereotyping and unequal treatment of people on the basis of their age
5 of 10
What is meant by the 'dependency ratio'?
The proportion of the population who are of working age compared with the proportion who are not working and therefore dependent others (children and the retired).
6 of 10
What is meant by a 'hybrid identity'?
Identities made up of two or more different sources, e.g. seeing yourself as Muslim and Bengali and British.
7 of 10
What is meant by the 'structured dependency of the old'?
It means that the structure of society excludes many old people from paid work (e.g. as a result of laws about retirement age), leaving them economically dependent on their families and/or the state.
8 of 10
What is the difference between citizens, denizens and helots?
Citizens have full citizenship rights. Denizens are privileged foreign nationals welcomed by the state. Helots (literally, slaves) are the most exploited group, regarded as a reserve army of labour.
9 of 10
Explain the difference between assimilationism and multiculturalism.
Assimilationism encourages immigrants to adopt the language, values and customs of the host culture, to become ‘like us’. Multiculturalism accepts that migrants may wish to retain a separate cultural identity.
10 of 10

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Suggest two reasons for the decline in the birth rate since 1900, apart from changes in women's position.

Back

decline in infant mortality; children becoming an economic liability; child centredness.

Card 3

Front

Suggest two reasons for class differences in infant mortality.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How might population trends in the UK be related to the increase in the proportion of married women working?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is meant by 'ageism'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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