Definitions of Abnormality

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1. In Jahoda's six categories of ideal mental health, what did she mean by: personal growth and self-actualisation?

  • The ability to love, function at work and in interpersonal relations, adjust to new situations and solve problems
  • The extent to which an individual develops their full capabilities
  • Being able to cope in stressful situations
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2. In Jahoda's six categories of ideal mental health, what did she mean by: mastery of the environment?

  • Being able to cope in stressful situations
  • The ability to love, function at work and in interpersonal relations, adjust to new situations and solve problems
  • Being independent and self-regulating

3. What is a criticism of the definition of abnormality: deviation from social norms?

  • It is difficult to achieve all the criteria set by Jahoda, it is nessesary to acertain how many need to be lacking before a person is considered abnormal
  • deviance is related to context and degree, there is often not a clear line between deviance and eccentricity
  • In order to determine if someone is functioning inadequately someone else needs to decide if this actually the case, often individuals are quite content with their situation

4. Who pointed out that we define physical illness by looking for absense of signs of ideal physical health and then divised a list which allows us to do the same with mental health?

  • Marie Jahoda
  • Nicola Jahoda
  • Denise Jahoda

5. In Jahoda's six categories of ideal mental health, what did she mean by: self attitudes

  • Being able to cope in stressful situations
  • Having high self esteem and a strong sense of identity
  • The extent to which an individual develops their full capabilities

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