Definitions of Abnormality

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1. What is a criticism of the definition of abnormality: failure to function adequately?

  • In order to determine if someone is functioning inadequately someone else needs to decide if this actually the case, often individuals are quite content with their situation
  • deviance is related to context and degree, there is often not a clear line between deviance and eccentricity
  • It is difficult to achieve all the criteria set by Jahoda, it is nessesary to acertain how many need to be lacking before a person is considered abnormal
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2. What are the three definitions of abnormality?

  • deviation from social norms, failure to function adequately and deviation from ideal mental health
  • deviation from social norms, failure to act indepedently and deviation from ideal mental health
  • deviation from social norms, failure to function adequately and deviation from ideal physical health

3. Who pointed out that we define physical illness by looking for absense of signs of ideal physical health and then divised a list which allows us to do the same with mental health?

  • Marie Jahoda
  • Nicola Jahoda
  • Denise Jahoda

4. In Jahoda's six categories of ideal mental health, what did she mean by: self attitudes

  • Having high self esteem and a strong sense of identity
  • The extent to which an individual develops their full capabilities
  • Being able to cope in stressful situations

5. What is a criticism of the definition of abnormality: deviation from ideal mental health?

  • It is difficult to achieve all the criteria set by Jahoda, it is nessesary to acertain how many need to be lacking before a person is considered abnormal
  • In order to determine if someone is functioning inadequately someone else needs to decide if this actually the case, often individuals are quite content with their situation
  • deviance is related to context and degree, there is often not a clear line between deviance and eccentricity

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