Definitions of Abnormality

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1. In Jahoda's six categories of ideal mental health, what did she mean by: autonomy

  • Being independent and self-regulating
  • The extent to which an individual develops their full capabilities
  • The ability to love, function at work and in interpersonal relations, adjust to new situations and solve problems
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2. Having an accute perseption of reality is one of Jahoda's six categories of ideal mental health, true or false?

  • true
  • false
  • unsure

3. What are the three definitions of abnormality?

  • deviation from social norms, failure to function adequately and deviation from ideal mental health
  • deviation from social norms, failure to act indepedently and deviation from ideal mental health
  • deviation from social norms, failure to function adequately and deviation from ideal physical health

4. What is a criticism of the definition of abnormality: deviation from social norms?

  • deviance is related to context and degree, there is often not a clear line between deviance and eccentricity
  • In order to determine if someone is functioning inadequately someone else needs to decide if this actually the case, often individuals are quite content with their situation
  • It is difficult to achieve all the criteria set by Jahoda, it is nessesary to acertain how many need to be lacking before a person is considered abnormal

5. In Jahoda's six categories of ideal mental health, what did she mean by: self attitudes

  • Being able to cope in stressful situations
  • Having high self esteem and a strong sense of identity
  • The extent to which an individual develops their full capabilities

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