Definitions of Abnormality

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1. What is a criticism of the definition of abnormality: failure to function adequately?

  • In order to determine if someone is functioning inadequately someone else needs to decide if this actually the case, often individuals are quite content with their situation
  • deviance is related to context and degree, there is often not a clear line between deviance and eccentricity
  • It is difficult to achieve all the criteria set by Jahoda, it is nessesary to acertain how many need to be lacking before a person is considered abnormal
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2. Who pointed out that we define physical illness by looking for absense of signs of ideal physical health and then divised a list which allows us to do the same with mental health?

  • Marie Jahoda
  • Nicola Jahoda
  • Denise Jahoda

3. In Jahoda's six categories of ideal mental health, what did she mean by: self attitudes

  • Being able to cope in stressful situations
  • Having high self esteem and a strong sense of identity
  • The extent to which an individual develops their full capabilities

4. What are the three definitions of abnormality?

  • deviation from social norms, failure to function adequately and deviation from ideal physical health
  • deviation from social norms, failure to function adequately and deviation from ideal mental health
  • deviation from social norms, failure to act indepedently and deviation from ideal mental health

5. In Jahoda's six categories of ideal mental health, what did she mean by: integration?

  • Being able to cope in stressful situations
  • Having high self esteem and a strong sense of indentity
  • Being independent and self-regulating

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