Criminal Psychology

1. What is meant by 'vicariously learning'

  • Learning from the success/failure of others before committing the act yourself.
  • Getting punished by the law - having to serve jail time (gets freedom taken away)
  • Watching a well-respected role model vandalise a car
  • Wanting to steal because it gave you a 'buzz'
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Other questions in this quiz

2. Token Economy Programmes are based off which theory?

  • Social Identity Theory
  • Operant Conditioning
  • Classical Conditioning
  • Social Learning Theory

3. What is a disadvantage of anger management?

  • Does not factor for individual differences - usually works on a group basis, so is not attentive for individual needs and therefore may not be as effective.
  • Offenders may lose motivation over a period of time, so is therefore less effective.
  • It gives the offender skills to use for life.
  • It is only effective in certain environments, so cannot be replicated, therefore limiting reliability.

4. In this instance, what is the motive for shoplifting?

  • Pushing your friend to steal a packet of cigarettes because you do not wish to get caught
  • Being positively reinforced by the trill of shoplifting, so they do it again.
  • Security caught someone shoplifting, so they are punished for it.

5. Define 'recidivism'

  • Labelling someone
  • Habitual relapse into criminal behaviour (re-offending)
  • Learning how to deal with triggers that make you angry
  • Learning from observation and imitation


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