Criminal Psychology

1. Which methods are used to treat offenders in prisons?

  • Token Economy Programmes & Anger Management
  • Anger Management & Peer Group Association
  • Token Economy Programmes & Rehab Centres
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2. What is a disadvantage of anger management?

  • Does not factor for individual differences - usually works on a group basis, so is not attentive for individual needs and therefore may not be as effective.
  • It gives the offender skills to use for life.
  • It is only effective in certain environments, so cannot be replicated, therefore limiting reliability.
  • Offenders may lose motivation over a period of time, so is therefore less effective.

3. What is meant by 'vicariously learning'

  • Getting punished by the law - having to serve jail time (gets freedom taken away)
  • Watching a well-respected role model vandalise a car
  • Learning from the success/failure of others before committing the act yourself.
  • Wanting to steal because it gave you a 'buzz'

4. Define 'recidivism'

  • Learning how to deal with triggers that make you angry
  • Habitual relapse into criminal behaviour (re-offending)
  • Learning from observation and imitation
  • Labelling someone

5. Describe what the participants in Loftus and Palmer's study were asked to do

  • To watch a clip of an incident, then interview what they had just witnessed.
  • To identify the 'target suspect' in a photo line-up four hours after they were approached by the 'target'.
  • Watch a clip of a car accident, then give their account of what happened using a questionnaire. The critical question asked for their judgements of the cars speed.
  • To give self-report data using a questionnaire about the crime that they had just witnessed.

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