Criminal Psychology

1. What were the results of Loftus and Palmers study in experiment 1?

  • There was no significant difference in results for all five conditions.
  • The verb 'smashed' was perceived to be the highest speed at 40.8mph
  • The verb 'crashed' was perceived to be the highest speed at 40.8mph
  • 'Bumped' was perceived to be the slowest speed at 31.8mph.
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2. What is meant by 'vicariously learning'

  • Learning from the success/failure of others before committing the act yourself.
  • Getting punished by the law - having to serve jail time (gets freedom taken away)
  • Watching a well-respected role model vandalise a car
  • Wanting to steal because it gave you a 'buzz'

3. In this instance, what is the motive for shoplifting?

  • Pushing your friend to steal a packet of cigarettes because you do not wish to get caught
  • Being positively reinforced by the trill of shoplifting, so they do it again.
  • Security caught someone shoplifting, so they are punished for it.

4. What is a disadvantage of anger management?

  • It is only effective in certain environments, so cannot be replicated, therefore limiting reliability.
  • Offenders may lose motivation over a period of time, so is therefore less effective.
  • Does not factor for individual differences - usually works on a group basis, so is not attentive for individual needs and therefore may not be as effective.
  • It gives the offender skills to use for life.

5. Which methods are used to treat offenders in prisons?

  • Token Economy Programmes & Anger Management
  • Anger Management & Peer Group Association
  • Token Economy Programmes & Rehab Centres


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