Criminal Psychology

1. Describe what the participants in Loftus and Palmer's study were asked to do

  • To watch a clip of an incident, then interview what they had just witnessed.
  • To identify the 'target suspect' in a photo line-up four hours after they were approached by the 'target'.
  • Watch a clip of a car accident, then give their account of what happened using a questionnaire. The critical question asked for their judgements of the cars speed.
  • To give self-report data using a questionnaire about the crime that they had just witnessed.
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2. Which methods are used to treat offenders in prisons?

  • Token Economy Programmes & Rehab Centres
  • Token Economy Programmes & Anger Management
  • Anger Management & Peer Group Association

3. What did they conclude in this study?

  • The choice of verb had no effect on the participants answer.
  • The phrasing of the question altered the participants memory, whereby 'smashed' was perceived to be more severe than 'collided'
  • That there was no response bias.

4. Define 'recidivism'

  • Habitual relapse into criminal behaviour (re-offending)
  • Labelling someone
  • Learning from observation and imitation
  • Learning how to deal with triggers that make you angry

5. What is a disadvantage of anger management?

  • Offenders may lose motivation over a period of time, so is therefore less effective.
  • It gives the offender skills to use for life.
  • Does not factor for individual differences - usually works on a group basis, so is not attentive for individual needs and therefore may not be as effective.
  • It is only effective in certain environments, so cannot be replicated, therefore limiting reliability.

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