Criminal Psychology

1. Token Economy Programmes are based off which theory?

  • Classical Conditioning
  • Operant Conditioning
  • Social Learning Theory
  • Social Identity Theory
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2. What is meant by 'vicariously learning'

  • Getting punished by the law - having to serve jail time (gets freedom taken away)
  • Learning from the success/failure of others before committing the act yourself.
  • Wanting to steal because it gave you a 'buzz'
  • Watching a well-respected role model vandalise a car

3. Define 'recidivism'

  • Habitual relapse into criminal behaviour (re-offending)
  • Learning from observation and imitation
  • Learning how to deal with triggers that make you angry
  • Labelling someone

4. Describe what the participants in Loftus and Palmer's study were asked to do

  • To watch a clip of an incident, then interview what they had just witnessed.
  • Watch a clip of a car accident, then give their account of what happened using a questionnaire. The critical question asked for their judgements of the cars speed.
  • To give self-report data using a questionnaire about the crime that they had just witnessed.
  • To identify the 'target suspect' in a photo line-up four hours after they were approached by the 'target'.

5. In this instance, what is the motive for shoplifting?

  • Pushing your friend to steal a packet of cigarettes because you do not wish to get caught
  • Being positively reinforced by the trill of shoplifting, so they do it again.
  • Security caught someone shoplifting, so they are punished for it.


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