crime&deviance neo marxist theories

  • Created by: lilyodell
  • Created on: 07-11-18 11:21
who are the Neo Marxists?
they accept that society is characterised by competing groups with conflicting interests
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what are they critical towards?
critical of existing capitalist societies, and they share a concern about unequal distribution of power and within such societies
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what did Stuart hill study?
the moral panic over 'mugging' in the 1970s
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what is moral panic?
an exaggerated outburst of public concern over morality and behaviour of a group in society
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what is mugging?
it was imported from the US in the 1970s and tended to refer to being robbed by african- caribbean men
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what did Hall believe?
believed that this moral panic was created in order to scapegoat the 'black mugger' to distract the general public from the social ills of the time period
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why was 'mugging' happening in the 1970s?
because Britain was going through an economic crisis
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what does scapegoat mean?
when you place the blame onto someone else to hide the true cause
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what did Hall suggest was the reason behind making the 'black mugger' someone fear?
black= minority so they are in fear as society has put in their head they are bad (immigrants)
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how does this benefit capitalism?
attention is diverted from capitalism
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why does Hall suggest that capitalism was going through a crisis at the time of his study?
the was a declining rate of profit, rising unemployment & falling wages, which threatens the capitalist system
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what was the societal reaction to this labelling and what did this lead to?
black are labelled, increase of police presence in black communities, which increases crime
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what does this mean for the bourgeoisie?
take the focus away from them
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what is the quote from Paul Gilroy?
"there ain't no black in the union jack"
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what does Paul Gilroy reject?
reject the view that black people resorted to crime due to poor socialisation
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what does Gilroy suggest about black criminality?
it is a myth
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what does Gilroy suggest is the result of crime?
ethnic minorities defending themselves against an unjust society
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what do the statistics show according to Gilroy?
they show disproportionate involvement of African - Caribbeans in street crime could not be trusted
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what did the riots remove?
the 'SUS' laws (stop and search)
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how do Gilroy and Hall link?
both suggest mugging was present,l and crime was happening for the black African- Caribbean
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who is critical towards traditional marxism?
taylor et al, who suggest new criminolgy
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what does taylor et al argue?
that Marxist approaches are deterministic, therefore they offer a more voluntaristic view
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Card 2

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what are they critical towards?

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critical of existing capitalist societies, and they share a concern about unequal distribution of power and within such societies

Card 3

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what did Stuart hill study?

Back

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Card 4

Front

what is moral panic?

Back

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Card 5

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what is mugging?

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