Core Executive Key terms

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  • Created by: Angelicat
  • Created on: 15-01-17 12:12
Executive
the branch of government responsible for policy making and policy implementation
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Prime minister
the head of government and of the executive branch; the prime minister chairs the cabinet
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Cabinet
the committee of senior ministers that is the main collective decision-making body of the government
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Majority government
one political party has an absolute majority of seats in the Commons and forms the government
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Minority government
no political party has an absolute majority of seats, so a party without a majority (often the largest party) forms a government and must try to secure support from other parties for key measures
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Coalition government
no political party has an absolute majority of seats in the Commons and two or more parties agree a deal to form a government
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10 Downing Street
the residence and office of the prime minister; however ‘Number 10’ and ‘Downing Street’ are often used to refer to the Prime Minister’s Office
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Bilateral
a meeting between the prime minister and a departmental minister in which policy is agreed
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Prime Minister's office
the group of senior civil servants and special advisers, based at 10 Downing Street, who provide advice and support for the prime minister, particularly on policy and communications with government, parliament and the media
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Cabinet
the meeting of senior ministers and heads of government departments and formally the key decision-making body in British government
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Cabinet system
the cabinet and its associated bodies, including cabinet committees and the Cabinet Office
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Cabinet committees
committees appointed by the PM to consider aspects of government business
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Cabinet Office
a government department responsible for supporting the cabinet system and managing the civil service
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Kitchen cabinets of inner cabinets
small groups of ministers, advisers and officials who meet together to discuss issues and formulate policy
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Bureaucracy
a large organisation that enacts policy and operates according to a clear set of rules and procedures; a bureaucracy is impersonal; officials act on behalf of the organisation rather than in a private capacity
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Whitehall
the UK civil service and government departments, named after the area of London in which many departments are based
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Executive agency
a body responsible for the delivery of government policy that is subordinate to a department but enjoys significant autonomy from it in its day-to-day operations
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Card 2

Front

the head of government and of the executive branch; the prime minister chairs the cabinet

Back

Prime minister

Card 3

Front

the committee of senior ministers that is the main collective decision-making body of the government

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

one political party has an absolute majority of seats in the Commons and forms the government

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

no political party has an absolute majority of seats, so a party without a majority (often the largest party) forms a government and must try to secure support from other parties for key measures

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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