Cells< Exchange and Transport

HideShow resource information
Definition of Graticule
A glass disc fitted into the eyepiece of a microscope that has a fine scale on it from 0-100 used to measure specimen
1 of 47
What is a Eukaryotic Cell?
Cells with a ‘true nucleus’, all organelles are membrane bound, found in both plants and animals
2 of 47
What is a Prokaryotic Cell?
Cells that don’t have a ‘true nucleus’, can sometimes cause diseases such as MRSA
3 of 47
What is the Phospholipid Bilayer?
The model of the cell membrane structure, lipid molecules give fluidity and proteins in the membrane give it a mosaic appearance, molecules van be moved about
4 of 47
What is Cell Signalling?
Communication between cells by sending information through the molecules such as hormones
5 of 47
What is a Beta Blocker?
A drug intended to block receptors (In this case beta blockers are used to prevent heart muscles from increasing heart rate)
6 of 47
Definition of Diffusion?
The net movement of particles across a partially permeable membrane from a high concentration to a low concentration down a concentration gradient
7 of 47
Definition of Osmosis?
The net movement of water particles across a partially permeable membrane from a high water potential to a low water potential down a water potential gradient
8 of 47
Definition of Active Transport?
Movement of molecules or ions across membranes which uses ATP energy to drive protein ‘pumps’ within the membrane
9 of 47
What does 1) Endo, 2) Exo, 3) Phago and 4) Pino mean?
1) Inwards 2) Outwards 3) Solid Material 4) Liquid Material
10 of 47
What does Endocytosis mean?
Bringing Materials into a cells
11 of 47
What does Exocytosis mean?
Moving Materials out of a cell
12 of 47
What is a Solute?
A substance that you can dissolve
13 of 47
What is a Solvent?
The liquid a solute dissolves in
14 of 47
Definition of Haemolysed?
When an animal cell bursts open due to too much water
15 of 47
Definition of Turgid?
When a plant cell is full of water the membrane pushes against the cells wall and the cell wall prevents the cell from bursting
16 of 47
Definition of Crenated?
When the animal cell has a lack of water shrinks and the cell membrane loses form
17 of 47
Definition of Plasmolysed?
When the plant cell membrane pulls away from the cell wall as water leaves
18 of 47
Definition of Cell Cycle?
Describes the events that take place as 1 parent cell divides to produce two daughter cells which then grow too full size
19 of 47
Definition of Mitosis?
Process of nuclear division where two genetically identical nuclei are formed from one parent cell’s nucleus
20 of 47
What happens during Interphase?
Growth of organelles inside the cell get bigger, genetic information gets copied and normal metabolic reactions occur (preparation before mitosis occurs)
21 of 47
What happens during Prophase?
replicated DNA gets condensed and super coiled from Chromatin into visible Chromosomes
22 of 47
What happens during Metaphase?
Nuclear membrane dissolves, Centrioles move to opposite ends of the cell and start producing spindle fibres which will attach to the centromere on the chromosomes. Replicated Chromosomes line up along the equator of the cell
23 of 47
What happens during Anaphase
The paired chromosomes separate and move to opposite sides of the cell moving along the spindle fibres produced by the centrioles
24 of 47
What happens during Telophase?
Chromatids arrive at opposite poles of cell, and new nucleus membranes form around the daughter nuclei. The chromosomes disperse and turn back into Chromatin and the spindle fibres also disperse
25 of 47
What happens during Cytokinesis?
When the two new cells split and new cell membranes have formed
26 of 47
What are Clones?
Genetically identical cells
27 of 47
Definition of Binary Fission?
When one bacteria cell has divided into a single colony of bacteria
28 of 47
Definition of Differentiation?
The changes that occur in cells of multicellular organisms so that each different type of cell becomes specialised to perform a specific function
29 of 47
Definition of Exchange surface?
A specialised area that is adapted to make it easier for molecules to cross from one side of a surface to another
30 of 47
Definition of Gaseous Exchange?
The movement of gases by diffusion between an organism and its environment across a barrier such as the alveolus wall
31 of 47
What is the Function of the Cartilage?
Supports the trachea and the bronchi holding them open. It also prevents the airway from collapsing when air pressure is low during inhalation. Also gives movement without constriction
32 of 47
Definition of transpiration?
The loss of water by evaporation from the upper parts of the plant
33 of 47
Definition of the Transpiration Stream?
As water leaves the xylem in the leaf it must be replaced from below. Water moves up the xylem from the roots to replace the water lost
34 of 47
Definition of Myogenic?
The heart is a Cardiac muscle which can initiate its own contractions
35 of 47
Definition of Fibrillation?
The inefficient pumping of the heart
36 of 47
What is the Atrial Systole?
As the wave of excitation passes over the cardiac muscles it cause them to contract
37 of 47
What does Inspiration and Expiration mean?
Terms used to describe breathing in and out
38 of 47
Definition of Tidal Volume?
The Volume of air moving in and out of the lungs with each breath when you are at rest
39 of 47
Definition of Vital Capacity?
The largest volume of air that can be moved into and out of the lungs in any one breath
40 of 47
Definition of Residual Volume?
The volume of air that remains in the lungs
41 of 47
Definition of Inspiratory Reserve Volume?
The volume of how much air can be breathed in
42 of 47
Definition of Expiratory Reserve Volume?
The volume of how much air can be breathed out
43 of 47
Definition of Double Circulatory System?
When the blood gets pumped around the body going through the heart twice in one circuit
44 of 47
Definition of Single Circulatory System?
When the blood only goes through the heart once during one circuit
45 of 47
Definition of Pulmonary Circulation?
The circuit carriers blood to the lungs to pick up oxygen
46 of 47
Definition of Systemic Circulation?-
Carries oxygen and nutrients around the body to the tissues
47 of 47

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Cells with a ‘true nucleus’, all organelles are membrane bound, found in both plants and animals

Back

What is a Eukaryotic Cell?

Card 3

Front

Cells that don’t have a ‘true nucleus’, can sometimes cause diseases such as MRSA

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The model of the cell membrane structure, lipid molecules give fluidity and proteins in the membrane give it a mosaic appearance, molecules van be moved about

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Communication between cells by sending information through the molecules such as hormones

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Biology resources:

See all Biology resources »See all Biological molecules, organic chemistry and biochemistry resources »