Cells

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  • Created by: Darineb
  • Created on: 19-05-18 12:52
What are Cells?
The building blocks of life
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What organs are in the Reproductive system?
Penis,Testicles,Vagina,Ovaries,Womb,Urethra
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What is the function of the Reproductive system?
Reproduction
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What organs are in the Digestive system?
Mouth,Gullet,Intestines,Stomach
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What is the function of the Digestive system?
Breaks down food
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What organs are in the Circulatory system?
Heart, Blood vessels
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What is the function of the Circulatory system?
Carries oxygen and food around the body
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What organs are in the Respiratory system?
Lungs and windpipe
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What is the function of the Respiratory system?
Exchanges waste gases for air
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What organs are in the Urinary system?
Bladder and Kidney
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What is the function of the Urinary system?
Gets rid of waste
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What is the function of Cytoplasm?
Allows chemical reactions such as respiration take place
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What is the function of Vacuole?
Stores cell sap
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What is the function of the Cell wall?
Provides extra supports for a plant cell and is made of cellulose.This can only be found in a plant cell
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What is the function of the Cell Membrane?
Holds cell together and allows substances in and out of a cell
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What is the function of the Nuceus?
Controls the cells activities
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What is the function of a Chloroplast?
Contains chlorophyll for photosyntheis
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What is the function of the Mitochondria?
Where Respiration occurs to give energy to the cell
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What is the function of Ribosomes?
Gives the cell protein
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What is the equation for Respiration?
Glucose+Oxygen>Carbon Dioxide+Water
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What is the equation for Photosynthesis?
Carbon Dioxide+Water>Light
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Function of a RBC?
Carries Oxygen from the lungs around the body (NOTE:the special protein called hemoglobin helps them do this)
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RBC adaptation to function?
No Nucleus,Large surface area
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Function of WBC?
Helps fight infections
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WBC adaptation to function?
Allows them to change shape to wrap around microbes in the body and engulf them,the change of shape also allows them to squeeze through the capillaries and wrap around any microbes in the tissue and organs
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Why are muscles needed in the intestines?
To push things through, otherwise everything would just sit in side your intestine, the muscles contract and help things move along.
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Function of a Xylem cell?
Moves water around in plants and supports the plant
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Adaptation to function of a Xylem cell?
Has no Cytoplasm and no end walls which helps them form a continuous tube so water can pass freely through. The walls are strengthened with a tough waterproof substance called lignin.
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Function of a Sperm?
To produce a new Organism
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Sperm adaptation to function?
Has a Nucleus to carry DNA,a long tail to swim faster to the Egg cell,has a lot of Mitochondria for energy to swim and has a stream-like head shape to swim smoothly
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Function of a Root hair cell?
Helps the plant absorb water for Photosynthesis
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Adaptation to function of a Root Hair Cell?
Large surface area to speed up the process of aborbation
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Function of an Egg Cell? (NOTE: a single Egg Cell is called an Ovum)
It joins with the Sperm during fertilization to produce a new organism
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Adaptation to function of an Egg Cell?
Has a jelly coat to make sure only 1 sperm enters, the cytoplasm contains a store of food for the fertilized egg cell
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Function of the Cilia cell?
It keeps the airways clear of mucus and dirt, allowing us to breathe easily and without irritation.
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Adaptation to function of a Cilia cell?
Have tiny hairs at the ends to sweep up any mucus,dust or bacteria up to the back of the throat so it can be swallowed
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What are the cells like sperm and egg cell called?
Gametes
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Function of the Palisade cell?
Absorbs light so that photosynthesis can take place
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Adaptation of a Palisade cell?
Has a lot of Chloroplasts to bring more photosynthesis to the plant. It also has a large vacuole to restrict chloroplasts to a layer near the outside of the cell where they can be reached by light more easily.
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Function of a nerve cell?
Long fibers carry impulses from brain or spinal cord to muscles or glands
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Adaptation of a Nerve Cell?
By being long, so that they communicate with distant parts of the body. They also have branched endings called dendrites.
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Function of a Muscle cell?
Produce force and motion
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Adaptation of a Muscle cell?
Has lots of Mitochondria so it can supply the cell with energy
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Function of a Leaf cell?
Photosynthesis and gas exchange
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Adaptation of a Leaf cell?
It is thin so it absorbs most of the light
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Function of a sensory Neuron?
Long fibers carry impulses from sensory receptors to the brain and spinal cord
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Adaptation of a Sensory Neuron?
By being long, so that they communicate with distant parts of the body. They also have branched endings called dendrites.
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Function of a Phloem?
Carries dissolved sugars from leaves to other parts of plant.
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What are the 7 life processes?
MRS GREN- Movement,Respiration,Sensitivity,Growth,Reproduction,Exretion,Nutrition
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What organs are in the Reproductive system?

Back

Penis,Testicles,Vagina,Ovaries,Womb,Urethra

Card 3

Front

What is the function of the Reproductive system?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What organs are in the Digestive system?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the function of the Digestive system?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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