Carbohydrates

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What are the monomers called?
Monosaccharides
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What are the names of the reactions that 1) make and 2) break bonds?
1) Condensation 2) Hydrolysis
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How do you make maltose?
Glucose + Glucose
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How do you make lactose?
Glucose + Galactose
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What does glucose + fructose make?
Sucrose
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What is 1) starch and 2) glycogen used for?
1) Store of energy in plants 2) Store of energy in animals.
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What is cellulose used for?
Plant cell walls
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1) What test is used to detect starch? 2) What colour is a positive result?
1) Iodine test 2) Bluish-black
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1) What test is used to find monosaccharides? 2) What colour is a positive result?
1) Benedict's test 2) Brick-red
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Whats an advantage of having a branched glucose structure?
Lots of ends for energy reactions to take place, so an increased surface area.
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Whats an advantage of having a coiled glucose structure?
More compact, so more of it can be stored in a cell.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are the names of the reactions that 1) make and 2) break bonds?

Back

1) Condensation 2) Hydrolysis

Card 3

Front

How do you make maltose?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How do you make lactose?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does glucose + fructose make?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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