C1 1.3 and C1 1.4 Flash Cards

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How are the electrons in an atom arranged?
The electrons in an atom are arranged in energy levels or shells
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What determines the way an element reacts?
The number of electrons on the outermost shell of the atom
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What happens when a metal reacts with a non metal?
Charged particles called ions are formed
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What is an ionic bond?
The strong attractions between the positive and negative ions in a compound of a metal and a non metal
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What is covalent bonding?
When atoms of non-metals bond to each other by sharing their electrons
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What is the electronic structure of an atom?
It is when you write out the amount of electrons on each energy level of an atom
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What are the elements in Group 0 collectively known as?
The noble gases
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What is the maximum amount of electrons on the first 3 shells of an atom?
2,8,8 which is also the element of Argon
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What determines the group an element is in within the periodic table?
Atoms with the same number of electrons in their outermost shell belong to the same group of the periodic table
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What determines the way an element reacts?
The number of electrons on the outermost shell of its atoms.
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What is the number of electrons on an atoms outermost shell also called?
The electronic structure
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What charge has a compound of a metal and a non metal got, and why?
The positive charge on the metal atoms and the negative charge on the non metal atoms cancel each other out, which means there is no overall charge, it is neutral
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How is an ion formed?
When a metal bonds with a non metal, the metal gives one or more of its electrons to the non metal atom. Both atoms become charged particles called ions
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What is the word used when an atom gives another atom one or more of its electrons to give it a full outer shell?
Donate
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What determines the way an element reacts?

Back

The number of electrons on the outermost shell of the atom

Card 3

Front

What happens when a metal reacts with a non metal?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is an ionic bond?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is covalent bonding?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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