Bowlby's monotropic theory

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Which reasercher thought that survival was the main explenation of attachment?
Bowlby (1969)
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What was Bowlby's theory also inspired by?
Lorenz's study into geese and imprinting and whether that ever happened with people
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why is important for the infant to be attached?
so that they are cared for by their caregiver and survive
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why is important for the parent to be attached?
so they can carry on subsequent generations
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when is the critical period in humans?
3 - 6 months
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what did Bowlby propose as the determining factipor of attachment?
responsiveness and cooperation - influenced by the work of Mary Ainsworth's strange situation
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what were the consequences of not forming an attachment after the critical peroiod?
it is harder to form relationships after 6 months
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They are innate mechanism such as smiling that encourage to attachment, what are they called?
Social releasers
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What is monotropy?
One special emotional bond - a primery attachment relationship, often the biological mother
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are secondery relationships important?
Yes - as a safety net and are important for psychological and social develpopment
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what does the infant develop in monotropic relationship?
an internal working model - 1 it gives the infant a short term perspective into what the caregiver is thinking and 2. it provides a template for future relationships
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E1: while other animals such as monkeys cling to their mothrs fur immidietly after they are born, why do human infants only develop the critical period at 3 -6 months?
Because human mothers used to carry infants in their arms, meanuing attachment is vital when the infant starts crawling at 6 months: showing Bowlby's theory to be adaptive
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E2: is there any evidence to suggest that the croitical period is more flexible?
Rutter et al concluded that attachment could form after the critical period but it was less likely
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E2: what do Rutter's conclusions on the critical period suggest?
It is a time window in which infants are more sensitive to forming attachments but attachment can take place outside of that window
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E3: how different are the theories of multiple attachment and monotropy?
Not a lot Bowlby suggests that secondary attachments are important to psychological and social development but they act in a hierarchy stemming from the PAF
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E3: how is this supported by evidence?
Grossmann and Grossmann (1991) suggest fathers are key secondary attachment roles + Prior and Glaser (2006) suggest that a meta analysis still points to Bowlby's hierarchical model
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Card 2

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What was Bowlby's theory also inspired by?

Back

Lorenz's study into geese and imprinting and whether that ever happened with people

Card 3

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why is important for the infant to be attached?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

why is important for the parent to be attached?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

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when is the critical period in humans?

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