biology B2

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  • Created by: eden1
  • Created on: 13-05-15 16:19
Genus
The first word in the scientific name for a species
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Living things
Animals, Plants, Bacteria, Fungi, Protists
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Vertebrates
With a backbone
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Invertebrates
Without a backbone
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species
A group of organisms that can mate and produce fertile offspring
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king prawn curry or fat greasy sausages
kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
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Omnivores
Animals which eat animals or plants
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Carnivores
Animals that can only eat other animals
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Producers
Plants that make their own food using light energy
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Prey
An animal who is hunted by an other animal
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Predator
An animal that hunts other animals
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Herbivores
Animals that only eat plants
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Trophic level
The level of a living organism in a food chain or web
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Nitrifying bacteria
Change ammonium compounds into nitrates and nitrites
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Denitrifying bacteria
Nitrate and nitrites change into nitrogen gas
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Nitrogen fixation
Nitrogen gas into nitrogen for producers
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Competition
Where organisms compete for resources
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What to compete for
Food Water Habitat Light minerals
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Intraspecific competition
Competition between same species
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Interspecific competition
Competition between different species
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Niche
The role an organism holds in 1 ecosystem
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Interdependence
A difference between living things
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Mutualism
When both parties benefit
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parasitism
Where only one party benefits
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Anatomical
A structural or physical adaptation
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Behavioural
A change in behaviour that promotes survival
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Physical
Change in cellular design of biochemistry that promotes survival
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Generalists
Can live anywhere and tolerate environmental change
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specialists
Live in one place, don’t tolerate environmental change
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Evolution
Change
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Natural selection
Process by which organisms change
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Speciation
The formation of a new and distinct species is the course of evolution
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Finite
A material that will run out
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Extinction
A species with no living members
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endangered
Risk of becoming extinct
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Living things

Back

Animals, Plants, Bacteria, Fungi, Protists

Card 3

Front

Vertebrates

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Invertebrates

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

species

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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