Biology B1

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What does a nucleus contain?
Your genetic material
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What is a chromosome?
a long molecule of DNA that is coiled
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What is a gene?
a short length chromosome
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What are alleles?
multiple variations which altar characteristics within a gene
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What are the two different types of proteins called?
structual proteins, functional proteins
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What is a genotype?
This is all of the genes that an organism has
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what is a phenotype?
this is all of the genes that an organism displays
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How many pairs of chromosomes does your body contain?
23
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What is meant by the term, 'Homozygous'?
when 2 alleles are the same for a gene
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What is meant by the term, 'Hetrozygous'?
when 2 alleles are different for a particular gene
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How are genetic disorders caused?
by alleles of a some faulty genes
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is a chromosome?

Back

a long molecule of DNA that is coiled

Card 3

Front

What is a gene?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are alleles?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the two different types of proteins called?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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